Where’s Google going next? | Larry Page

Where’s Google going next? | Larry Page


Charlie Rose: So Larry sent me an email and he basically said, we’ve got to make sure that
we don’t seem like we’re a couple of middle-aged boring men. I said, I’m flattered by that — (Laughter) — because I’m a bit older, and he has a bit more net worth than I do. Larry Page: Well, thank you. CR: So we’ll have a conversation about the Internet, and we’ll have a conversation Google, and we’ll have a conversation about search and privacy, and also about your philosophy and a sense of how you’ve connected the dots and how this journey that began some time ago has such interesting prospects. Mainly we want to talk about the future. So my first question: Where is Google and where is it going? LP: Well, this is something we think about a lot, and our mission we defined a long time ago is to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful. And people always say, is that really what you guys are still doing? And I always kind of think about that myself, and I’m not quite sure. But actually, when I think about search, it’s such a deep thing for all of us, to really understand what you want, to understand the world’s information, and we’re still very much in the early stages of that, which is totally crazy. We’ve been at it for 15 years already, but it’s not at all done. CR: When it’s done, how will it be? LP: Well, I guess, in thinking about where we’re going — you know, why is it not done? — a lot of it is just computing’s kind of a mess. You know, your computer
doesn’t know where you are, it doesn’t know what you’re doing, it doesn’t know what you know, and a lot we’ve been trying to do recently is just make your devices work, make them understand your context. Google Now, you know, knows where you are, knows what you may need. So really having computing
work and understand you and understand that information, we really haven’t done that yet. It’s still very, very clunky. CR: Tell me, when you look at what Google is doing, where does Deep Mind fit? LP: Yeah, so Deep Mind is a company we just acquired recently. It’s in the U.K. First, let me tell you the way we got there, which was looking at search and really understanding, trying to understand everything, and also make the computers not clunky and really understand you — like, voice was really important. So what’s the state of the art
on speech recognition? It’s not very good. It doesn’t really understand you. So we started doing machine learning research to improve that. That helped a lot. And we started just looking at things like YouTube. Can we understand YouTube? But we actually ran machine learning on YouTube and it discovered cats, just by itself. Now, that’s an important concept. And we realized there’s really something here. If we can learn what cats are, that must be really important. So I think Deep Mind, what’s really amazing about Deep Mind is that it can actually — they’re learning things in this unsupervised way. They started with video games, and really just, maybe I can show the video, just playing video games, and learning how to do that automatically. CR: Take a look at the video games and how machines are coming to be able to do some remarkable things. LP: The amazing thing about this is this is, I mean, obviously, these are old games, but the system just sees what you see, the pixels, and it has the controls and it has the score, and it’s learned to play all of these games, same program. It’s learned to play all of these games with superhuman performance. We’ve not been able to do things like this with computers before. And maybe I’ll just narrate this one quickly. This is boxing, and it figures out it can sort of pin the opponent down. The computer’s on the left, and it’s just racking up points. So imagine if this kind of intelligence were thrown at your schedule, or your information needs, or things like that. We’re really just at the beginning of that, and that’s what I’m really excited about. CR: When you look at all that’s taken place with Deep Mind and the boxing, also a part of where we’re going is artificial intelligence. Where are we, when you look at that? LP: Well, I think for me, this is kind of one of the most exciting things I’ve seen in a long time. The guy who started this company, Demis, has a neuroscience and a
computer science background. He went back to school to get his Ph.D. to study the brain. And so I think we’re seeing a lot of exciting work going on that sort of crosses computer science and neuroscience in terms of really understanding what it takes to make something smart and do really interesting things. CR: But where’s the level of it now? And how fast do you think we are moving? LP: Well, this is the state of the art right now, understanding cats on YouTube and things like that, improving voice recognition. We used a lot of machine learning to improve things incrementally, but I think for me, this example’s really exciting, because it’s one program that can do a lot of different things. CR: I don’t know if we can do this, but we’ve got the image of the cat. It would be wonderful to see this. This is how machines looked at cats and what they came up with. Can we see that image? LP: Yeah.
CR: There it is. Can you see the cat? Designed by machines, seen by machines. LP: That’s right. So this is learned from just watching YouTube. And there’s no training, no notion of a cat, but this concept of a cat is something important that you would understand, and now that the machines can kind of understand. Maybe just finishing also on the search part, it started with search, really understanding people’s context and their information. I did have a video I wanted to show quickly on that that we actually found. (Video) [“Soy, Kenya”] Zack Matere: Not long ago, I planted a crop of potatoes. Then suddenly they started
dying one after the other. I checked out the books and
they didn’t tell me much. So, I went and I did a search. [“Zack Matere, Farmer”] Potato diseases. One of the websites told me that ants could be the problem. It said, sprinkle wood ash over the plants. Then after a few days the ants disappeared. I got excited about the Internet. I have this friend who really would like to expand his business. So I went with him to the cyber cafe and we checked out several sites. When I met him next, he was going to put a windmill at the local school. I felt proud because something that wasn’t there before was suddenly there. I realized that not everybody can be able to access what I was able to access. I thought that I need to have an Internet that my grandmother can use. So I thought about a notice board. A simple wooden notice board. When I get information on my phone, I’m able to post the information on the notice board. So it’s basically like a computer. I use the Internet to help people. I think I am searching for a better life for me and my neighbors. So many people have access to information, but there’s no follow-up to that. I think the follow-up to that is our knowledge. When people have the knowledge, they can find solutions without having to helped out. Information is powerful, but it is how we use it that will define us. (Applause) LP: Now, the amazing thing about that video, actually, was we just read about it in the news, and we found this gentlemen, and made that little clip. CR: When I talk to people about you, they say to me, people who know you well, say, Larry wants to change the world, and he believes technology can show the way. And that means access to the Internet. It has to do with languages. It also means how people can get access and do things that will affect their community, and this is an example. LP: Yeah, that’s right, and I think for me, I have been focusing on access more, if we’re talking about the future. We recently released this Loon Project which is using balloons to do it. It sounds totally crazy. We can show the video here. Actually, two out of three people in the world don’t have good Internet access now. We actually think this can really help people sort of cost-efficiently. CR: It’s a balloon.
LP: Yeah, get access to the Internet. CR: And why does this balloon give you access to the Internet? Because there was some interesting things you had to do to figure out how to make balloons possible, they didn’t have to be tethered. LP: Yeah, and this is a good example of innovation. Like, we’ve been thinking about this idea for five years or more before we started working on it, but it was just really, how do we get access points up high, cheaply? You normally have to use satellites and it takes a long time to launch them. But you saw there how easy it is to launch a balloon and get it up, and actually again, it’s the power of the Internet, I did a search on it, and I found, 30, 40 years ago, someone had put up a balloon and it had gone around the Earth multiple times. And I thought, why can’t we do that today? And that’s how this project got going. CR: But are you at the mercy of the wind? LP: Yeah, but it turns out, we did some weather simulations which probably hadn’t really been done before, and if you control the altitude of the balloons, which you can do by pumping air into them and other ways, you can actually control roughly where they go, and so I think we can build a worldwide mesh of these balloons that can cover the whole planet. CR: Before I talk about the future and transportation, where you’ve been a nerd for a while, and this fascination you have with transportation and automated cars and bicycles, let me talk a bit about what’s been the subject here earlier with Edward Snowden. It is security and privacy. You have to have been thinking about that. LP: Yeah, absolutely. I saw the picture of Sergey with
Edward Snowden yesterday. Some of you may have seen it. But I think, for me, I guess, privacy and security are a really important thing. We think about it in terms of both things, and I think you can’t have privacy without security, so let me just talk about security first, because you asked about Snowden and all of that, and then I’ll say a little bit about privacy. I think for me, it’s tremendously disappointing that the government secretly did all this stuff and didn’t tell us. I don’t think we can have a democracy if we’re having to protect you and our users from the government for stuff that we’ve never had a conversation about. And I don’t mean we have to know what the particular terrorist attack is they’re worried about protecting us from, but we do need to know what the parameters of it is, what kind of surveillance the government’s going to do and how and why, and I think we haven’t had that conversation. So I think the government’s actually done itself a tremendous disservice by doing all that in secret. CR: Never coming to Google to ask for anything. LP: Not Google, but the public. I think we need to
have a debate about that, or we can’t have a functioning democracy. It’s just not possible. So I’m sad that Google’s in the position of protecting you and our users from the government doing secret thing that nobody knows about. It doesn’t make any sense. CR: Yeah. And then there’s a privacy side of it. LP: Yes. The privacy side, I think it’s — the world is changing. You carry a phone. It knows where you are. There’s so much more information about you, and that’s an important thing, and it makes sense why people are asking difficult questions. We spend a lot of time thinking about this and what the issues are. I’m a little bit — I think the main thing that we need to do is just provide people choice, show them what data’s being collected — search history, location data. We’re excited about incognito mode in Chrome, and doing that in more ways, just giving people more choice and more awareness of what’s going on. I also think it’s very easy. What I’m worried is that we throw out the baby with the bathwater. And I look at, on your show, actually, I kind of lost my voice, and I haven’t gotten it back. I’m hoping that by talking to you I’m going to get it back. CR: If I could do anything, I would do that. LP: All right. So get out your voodoo doll and whatever you need to do. But I think, you know what, I look at that, I made that public, and I got all this information. We got a survey done on medical conditions with people who have similar issues, and I look at medical records, and I say, wouldn’t it be amazing if everyone’s medical records were available anonymously to research doctors? And when someone accesses your medical record, a research doctor, they could see, you could see which doctor accessed it and why, and you could maybe learn about what conditions you have. I think if we just did that, we’d save 100,000 lives this year. CR: Absolutely. Let me go — (Applause) LP: So I guess I’m just very worried that with Internet privacy, we’re doing the same thing we’re
doing with medical records, is we’re throwing out the baby with the bathwater, and we’re not really thinking about the tremendous good that can come from people sharing information with the right people in the right ways. CR: And the necessary condition that people have to have confidence that their information will not be abused. LP: Yeah, and I had this problem with my voice stuff. I was scared to share it. Sergey encouraged me to do that, and it was a great thing to do. CR: And the response has been overwhelming. LP: Yeah, and people are super positive. We got thousands and thousands of people with similar conditions, which there’s no data on today. So it was a really good thing. CR: So talking about the future, what is it about you and transportation systems? LP: Yeah. I guess I was just frustrated with this when I was at college in Michigan. I had to get on the bus and take it and wait for it. And it was cold and snowing. I did some research on how much it cost, and I just became a bit obsessed
with transportation systems. CR: And that began the idea of an automated car. LP: Yeah, about 18 years ago I learned about people working on automated cars, and I became fascinated by that, and it takes a while to
get these projects going, but I’m super excited about the possibilities of that improving the world. There’s 20 million people or more injured per year. It’s the leading cause of death for people under 34 in the U.S. CR: So you’re talking about saving lives. LP: Yeah, and also saving space and making life better. Los Angeles is half parking lots and roads, half of the area, and most cities are not far behind, actually. It’s just crazy that that’s what we use our space for. CR: And how soon will we be there? LP: I think we can be there very, very soon. We’ve driven well over 100,000 miles now totally automated. I’m super excited about getting that out quickly. CR: But it’s not only you’re
talking about automated cars. You also have this idea for bicycles. LP: Well at Google, we got this idea that we should just provide free bikes to everyone, and that’s been amazing, most of the trips. You see bikes going everywhere, and the bikes wear out. They’re getting used 24 hours a day. CR: But you want to put them above the street, too. LP: Well I said, how do we get people using bikes more? CR: We may have a video here. LP: Yeah, let’s show the video. I just got excited about this. (Music) So this is actually how you might separate bikes from cars with minimal cost. Anyway, it looks totally crazy, but I was actually thinking about our campus, working with the Zippies and stuff, and just trying to get a lot more bike usage, and I was thinking about, how do you cost-effectively separate the bikes from traffic? And I went and searched, and this is what I found. And we’re not actually working on this, that particular thing, but it gets your imagination going. CR: Let me close with this. Give me a sense of the philosophy
of your own mind. You have this idea of [Google X]. You don’t simply want to go in some small, measurable arena of progress. LP: Yeah, I think many of the things we just
talked about are like that, where they’re really — I almost use the economic concept of additionality, which means that you’re doing something that wouldn’t happen unless
you were actually doing it. And I think the more you can do things like that, the bigger impact you have, and that’s about doing things that people might not think are possible. And I’ve been amazed, the more I learn about technology, the more I realize I don’t know, and that’s because this technological horizon, the thing that you can see to do next, the more you learn about technology, the more you learn what’s possible. You learn that the balloons are possible because there’s some material
that will work for them. CR: What’s interesting about
you too, though, for me, is that, we have lots of people who are thinking about the future, and they are going and looking
and they’re coming back, but we never see the implementation. I think of somebody you knew and read about, Tesla. The principle of that for you is what? LP: Well, I think invention is not enough. If you invent something, Tesla invented electric power that we use, but he struggled to get it out to people. That had to be done by other people. It took a long time. And I think if we can actually combine both things, where we have an innovation and invention focus, plus the ability to really — a company that can really commercialize things and get them to people in a way that’s positive for the world and to give people hope. You know, I’m amazed with the Loon Project just how excited people were about that, because it gave them hope for the two thirds of the world that doesn’t have Internet right now that’s any good. CR: Which is a second thing about corporations. You are one of those people who believe that corporations are an agent of change if they are run well. LP: Yeah. I’m really dismayed most people think companies are basically evil. They get a bad rap. And I think that’s somewhat correct. Companies are doing the same incremental thing that they did 50 years ago or 20 years ago. That’s not really what we need. We need, especially in technology, we need revolutionary change, not incremental change. CR: You once said, actually, as I think I’ve got this about right, that you might consider, rather than giving your money, if you were leaving it to some cause, just simply giving it to Elon Musk, because you had confidence that he would change the future, and that you would therefore — LP: Yeah, if you want to go Mars, he wants to go to Mars, to back up humanity, that’s a worthy goal, but it’s a company, and it’s philanthropical. So I think we aim to do kind of similar things. And I think, you ask, we have a lot of employees at Google who have become pretty wealthy. People make a lot of money in technology. A lot of people in the room are pretty wealthy. You’re working because you
want to change the world. You want to make it better. Why isn’t the company that you work for worthy not just of your time but your money as well? I mean, but we don’t have a concept of that. That’s not how we think about companies, and I think it’s sad, because companies are most of our effort. They’re where most of people’s time is, where a lot of the money is, and so I think I’d like for us to help out more than we are. CR: When I close conversations with lots of people, I always ask this question: What state of mind, what quality of mind is it that has served you best? People like Rupert Murdoch have said curiosity, and other people in the media have said that. Bill Gates and Warren Buffett have said focus. What quality of mind, as I leave this audience, has enabled you to think about the future and at the same time change the present? LP: You know, I think the most important thing — I looked at lots of companies and why I thought they don’t succeed over time. We’ve had a more rapid turnover of companies. And I said, what did they fundamentally do wrong? What did those companies all do wrong? And usually it’s just that they missed the future. And so I think, for me, I just try to focus on that and say, what is that future really going to be and how do we create it, and how do we cause our organization, to really focus on that and drive that at a really high rate? And so that’s been curiosity, it’s been looking at things people might not think about, working on things that no one else is working on, because that’s where the additionality really is, and be willing to do that, to take that risk. Look at Android. I felt guilty about working on Android when it was starting. It was a little startup we bought. It wasn’t really what we were really working on. And I felt guilty about spending time on that. That was stupid. That was the future, right? That was a good thing to be working on. CR: It is great to see you here. It’s great to hear from you, and a pleasure to sit at this table with you. Thanks, Larry. LP: Thank you. (Applause) CR: Larry Page.

100 thoughts on “Where’s Google going next? | Larry Page

  1. He changed his voice so his killer robots will be able to recognise him while they kill the rest of humanity

  2. Bore man ! When do anything not on own self what do you felling if all of doing stupid talk for another man ?
    The last Stupid who never can contact Them !!
    Talk for what !
    Play for fucking page ?

  3. 日本国内の警視庁には、「警視庁サイバーセキュリティ対策本部」という名前の部署が存在しますが、「最寄りの警察署に通報願います」と、たらい回しにあうだけでした。

  4. 警察官には、「不正アクセス禁止法違反」という言葉すら伝わりませんでした。「現在は、担当の者が外出していて署内にはいません。」と断わられました。私は被害届を作成してもらえませんでした。

  5. 「なぜwwwと第三次世界大戦が関与してくるのか」というと、2人以上で構成される組織犯罪者が増えていき、子ども犯罪を見逃し、児童が企業と接触し、嘘の申告を行なってきた事によって犯罪企業が増えていき、伝染していくからです。一見、経済は潤っており、高層ビル群などがそびえ立つ所を観ていると「高度技術の進歩」を垣間見る事ができます。しかしモラルがない状態では、無意味なのです。

  6. 「経済=治安=法」なので、被害者は法を利用し、加害者を訴訟しようとする事でしょう。しかしそれが不可能なのです。なぜでしょうか?有権者が有権者の人権を生まれてくる前から、強制剥奪しているからです。

  7. 「IT企業のCEO達は、合掌しているような仕草が多い」ですよね?どういう意味があると思いますか?IT企業関係者や宗教学者によって制作された映画の中には、壁の中の話をする映画が多いのですが、どういう意味があるか、ご存知ですか?

  8. 次期AppleCEOのWikipediaは未だに存在しません。サイトによっては、「ふかわりょう」とか、「Risa Ukai」とか、様々な憶測が飛び交っています。

  9. Appleは、不透明な企業なのでしょうか。ちなみに私の双子の妹もしくは姉は家族によって「虐待死」しました。「死体遺棄罪で逮捕して!」と訴えているのですが、誰にも伝わる事がありません。それに、次世代の実用的なスマートフォンを考えている人が存在しない事に焦りを感じた私は、物理の研究と実験を終えてから、SNSを利用して提案を行いました。

  10. 来年は、生前退位の年ですね。
    そろそろ、報道願います。
    日本国内に、タッチパネルの研究と実験に成功した「赤ちゃん」が存在します。

  11. 私の家族は、未だに虐待を続けています。JTのタバコの成分については、調べましたか?

  12. 私の姉は、1982年生まれと1984年生まれです。私は、日航事故123の後に生まれてきたので1986年生まれです。1986年、アメリカはAir balloonの年です。

  13. 日本国は、日経平均株価の変動(slow down)を行ないながら、世界中に周知しないといけない事があるのでは?

  14. Twitter accountを無断で凍結されました。どういう事?誰が「情報セキュリティポリシー」の三層を考えているか、ご存知の方でしたか?

  15. what name of machine who are stay and follow to larry page and stay with him 24 hour and "" bring him to success*** call this*machine google of larry page * not for our we all people to success but 1 man only

  16. google มาจากดาว อังคาร รึป่าว พ่อแม่ แบบนี้ มีมั้ย ?
    ไม่มี

  17. google รอน้ำรึป่าว ส่งคลิปให้ นาซ่า เล่นเป็นเทสล่า และสำรวจอวกาศรึป่าว ? ไม่ได้ทำ

  18. งั้นกูเกิล ก็ ไม่ใช่ ระบบกู user experience of my self when use gmail not google mail

  19. i see the way he is trying to speak and convey very properly with having vocal card paralayise which is in every word he says clearly seen as hard hurting way but he stilll apeak , in think he shouldn,t speak so much he done enough speaking we will do for him

  20. he is made shown as evil by some hackers ,I m not sure if they are bias or is there some facts, one thing I am confuse that there is not much on google success , or how it work , do any one know some real material(video documentry ) or book on google ; let me know

  21. It's ironic how Page is claiming privacy and security is important; however, Google is perhaps the largest privacy invasion of them all. It extends beyond America but for every country that uses Google.

  22. The greatest mind behind Google is so simple but when it comes to smartness (intelligence) he is very rich in that.

    I love the simplicity.
    Wish you to be stay young and healthy all the time😃

  23. BLOGGER.COM CAN BE EVERYONES NEWSPAPER.  THEY CAN SETUP ASTO ANYTHING THEY WANT THERES TO BE. CLARENCE A WHITE. THANKS. SERGEY BRIN & LARRY PAGE. MERRY CHRISTMAS & A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR.

  24. Sr. Larry estão usando seu nome no Instagram pra aplicar golpes. Somos uma instituição aqui do Brasil. Precisamos falar com alguém de sua equipe.

  25. เสียเวลา ทำ computer เป็น game เก่าๆ มีงไปผลิต ตู้เกมส์ เก่า สนุกกว่า

  26. www.createyourideas.net www.createyourhumanity.org www.createyoursense.net www.really-fair.org und … daraus…tausend ideen für eucch……dabei??? dann machtss mal…nehmt https://app.wisemapping.com/c/maps/ und helft mir daraus die noetige software zu schreiben…sehr schlechter entwickler…aber im kopf viel ideen…für viele..biss alle??''''' immer wagemurtig alles zu sagen…glg manuel milkko…aka heartfull mind…haha…MMMM – www.heartfull-mind.org

  27. alless auf g-suite von mir beschriebeen…nehmts mal und macht ess..echt..schlau auch für euch.. open source…zugayng frei…mir doch egal…@google….helft nur….echt

  28. Seeing his Adam’s apple move like that made me feel uncomfortable idk why.

    He’s a hero. Wish him the best.

  29. sono quello della cinetica integrata e di mille altri progetti problemi domestici e relazioni di teriomorfismo applicate alla mia famiglia di stampo mediatico e interattivo relazioni domestiche pc inquinate e relazionate in modo coercitivo rappresentazioni ed interpretazioni stradali di relazione simbiotica e generalizzata attraverso soluzioni identitarie utilizzate per sottrazione progettuale rappresentazioni condominiali di gestione lavorative e determinazioni storiche di situazioni problematiche rappresentazioni dimensionali ed utilizzi impropi di gestioni partecipative parte da roma e casa mia è un focolaio di trasmissione codici e sequenze telefoniche gestite e codificate rappresentazioni abitative atte a coercere e a rappresentare le determinazioni di orientamento verso vecchi sistemi di gestione ,in pratica dicono che sono pazzo ma le determinazioni sono nei video delle vostra piattaforma "venom e altre soluzioni capitali" il grande attore romano e soci fanno cartello per determinare la genitorialità di produzioni utilizzando l id roma per gestire e orientare determinazioni antiche sono il modello di mille video e di mille relazioni ed in realtà le determinazioni hanno una rappresentazione contaminante e deleteria che riguarda la mia storia passata la socialità le cantine sociali le baracche agricole i campi ed i vigneti di dior sono pazzo io dico di no magari vorrebbero farmi passare per tale mi bloccano con la rappresentazione di ricatto verso la mia famiglia "o di quella che ne rimane" come potrei uscire da questa incresciosa situazione ?

  30. لاري بيجي نقدر ونحترم معلوماتك الثمينه التي لا تقدر في قمه الذوق نتمنى ان يعطينا اكثر

  31. It is not the government it is the google bargain with government with their collected privacy informations

  32. Where is Google going next? 1984-style censorship and election interference while hiding behind the protections of being a mere "content provider".

  33. bravo! very inspiring to do this talk with his disability. really appreciate your effort Mr Larry Page and thank yoh on behalf of the future generations for the inspiration(who will view this generations of years later after we are all gone)

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