What is dyslexia? – Kelli Sandman-Hurley

What is dyslexia? – Kelli Sandman-Hurley


Take a moment to read the following. How was that? Frustrating? Slow? What were those sentences about? They’re actually a simulation of the experience of dyslexia, designed to make you decode each word. Those with dyslexia experience
that laborious pace every time they read. When most people think of dyslexia, they think of seeing letters
and words backwards, like seeing “b” as “d” and vice versa, or they might think people with dyslexia see “saw” as “was”. The truth is people with dyslexia see things the same way as everyone else. Dyslexia is caused by a phonological
processing problem, meaning people affected by it have trouble not with seeing language but with manipulating it. For example, if you heard the word cat and then someone asked
you, “Remove the ‘c’,” what word would you have left? At. This can be difficult
for those with dyslexia. Given a word in isolation, like fantastic, students with dyslexia
need to break the word into parts to read it: fan, tas, tic. Time spent decoding makes it hard to keep up with peers and gain sufficient comprehension. Spelling words phonetically, like s-t-i-k for stick and f-r-e-n-s for friends is also common. These difficulties are more
widespread and varied than commonly imagined. Dyslexia affects up to one in five people. It occurs on a continuum. One person might have mild dyslexia while the next person has
a profound case of it. Dyslexia also runs in families. It’s common to see one family member who has trouble spelling while another family member has severe difficulty decoding
even one syllable words, like catch. The continuum and distribution of dyslexia suggests a broader
principle to bear in mind as we look at how the brains
of those with dyslexia process language. Neurodiversity is the idea that because all our brains
show differences in structure and function, we shouldn’t be so quick to label every deviation from “the norm” as a pathological disorder or dismiss people living
with these variations as “defective.” People with neurobiological
variations like dyslexia, including such creative
and inventive individuals as Picasso, Muhammad Ali, Whoopi Goldberg, Steven Spielberg, and Cher, clearly have every capacity to be brilliant and successful in life. So, here’s the special way the brains of those with dyslexia work. The brain is divided into two hemispheres. The left hemisphere is generally
in charge of language and, ultimately, reading, while the right typically
handles spatial activities. fMRI studies have found that the brains of those with dyslexia rely more on the right
hemisphere and frontal lobe than the brains of those without it. This means, when they read a word, it takes a longer trip through their brain and can get delayed in the frontal lobe. Because of this neurobiological glitch, they read with more difficulty. But those with dyslexia can physically change their brain and improve their reading with an intensive,
multi-sensory intervention that breaks the language down and teaches the reader to decode based on syllable types
and spelling rules. The brains of those with dyslexia begin using the left hemisphere more efficiently while reading, and their reading improves. The intervention works because it locates dyslexia appropriately as a functional variation in the brain, which, naturally, shows
all sorts of variations from one person to another. Neurodiversity emphasizes this spectrum of brain function in all humans and suggests that to better
understand the perspectives of those around us, we should try not only to see
the world through their eyes but understand it through their brains.

100 thoughts on “What is dyslexia? – Kelli Sandman-Hurley

  1. Dang I was watching the ood1sout video about his spelling mistakes & dyslexia then YouTube recommended this to me. YouTube. Stop watching meeeee

  2. I have dyslexia and I did terrible on the reading section on the ACT. I couldn't comprehend the text fast enough to answer the questions. Its terrible!

  3. I dont know the right term maybe stuttering? I often stutter to begin conversation but im not even nervous or scared. It is just hard for me to utter the First word and sometiems i got to repeat it.
    Its just embarrasing and annoying.

    #TED-Ed

  4. What's weird is that dyslexia can appear only in languages that are prone to spelling. If you were to read a phonetic language (some slavic languages such as Serbian are 100% phonetic), you would never develop a case of dyslexia. So at the end of the day, this is more of a disadvantage than it is a actual mental condition. That should immensely be considered.

  5. I developed a bit of dyslexia after my brain injury. I also got dyscalculia (when before I was very good at numbers & maths), I wish there was as much info out there about this second difficulty – and about brain injury in general and how it affects every facet of our lives in varying amounts – no two brain injuries are the same.

  6. So the fact stands that dyslexia is a made up thing? Seems fair to me. Because I used to have "dyslexia". Total bs.

  7. I’ve only been diagnosed with dyslexia in 3rd year (9th grade) bc I wasn’t allowed to get lower than 80%. Until 1st year (7th grade) was when I fcked up on almost everything. Secondary school was when my decoding skills started to get a little outdated and I cheated in all my language subjects. Don’t forget dyslexia attacks ur memory too so trying to order things isn’t easy

  8. It really sucks having dyslexia and only speaking a nonphonetic language. 😔😔 at least I don't speak French I guess, they have so many silent letters.

  9. Here is a challenge. Do people with dyslexia have extra trouble with unusual fonts, like cursive?
    Is there such a thing as

    DYSLEXIA FRIENDLY FONT?

  10. I have dyslexia and autism it is I bit hard but if u have dyslexia u are so so smart but different as well u mite be home schooled like me please like my comment if u have dyslexia

  11. I dont think I have dyslexia, but I have problems reading words, and they show up weird in my brain, like how I read cobra as dora

  12. What is it called when one has no trouble reading the mixed up words at the beginning. Didn't actually realize that the words were scrambled until they started moving …..

  13. I have dyslexia and I have a degree in economics it wasn’t easy but tell me people what is easy in life? All I can say is never give up. ✌️

  14. Ah, my mum and sister might have it, my mum’s school never helped her, so she never got an education. She can read, write, but is quite bad at writing the spellings. My sister (if she does have it) would be very mild, she is very bad a spelling and other things. She’s still very smart ,smarter than me.

  15. I don't think I have dyslexia,,,but sometimes I read something and look back and suddenly it's a different letter or word or number

    Anyone else?

  16. I also have dyslexia it takes me longer to read and weight then normal kids do but I think faster like where does my bed go and witch pet I want that kind of stuff but it makes it harder so I went to a special k in nd of school I guess u would say that helped dyslectic kids and my family fought it early on so iv been doing a lot better Sence then but I still struggle with some school work and such but I found hobbies like art and horses and now reading but my dyslexia is way different then other people

  17. I thought I have dyslexia but I don’t. Does anyone know what this is?:

    I can’t understand written instruction most commonly in English assignments.

    It just doesn’t make any sense I don’t know how to write or what to write or how to elaborate on something that can be explained in one sentence it’s impossible.

  18. National Weather Service Birmingham, AL: Hurricane Dorian will endanger the Bahamas
    Trump: Hurricane Dorian will most likely hit Alabama (much) harder than anticipated
    NWS Birmingham: FFS, check your Category 5 dyslexia
    Trump: Hold the scandal that the mainstream media has been ragging me for since yesterday

  19. Growing up with dyslexia was incredibly hard. Nobody ever told me about it or that I could be on the spectrum of dyslexia. I was in many special classes and learned to read in the forth grade. I love this video for the attention and clear explanation on something MANY people struggle with ❤️

  20. In my opinion dyslexia gives huge advantages 1) an ability to see things in 3d – architects game designers etc. 2) because reading is difficult when at uni. speed reading is easy. People with dyslexia are better at a number of professions than 'so called' normal people – being good at English in this age of pictures, spell/grammar checkers, foreign language translators is almost pointless……. dyslexic people make/design the machines that make the noncreatives redundant ….

  21. Whilst it is good to get information out their. This still just emphisises the read part of dyslexia and in reality dyslexia is far more complicated and effects various areas of a person beyond reading, writing and spelling. Much of my issues are around memory and speech, which for me is the most frustrating part of being dyslexic.

  22. spelling is BS.
    If you can read the sentence and understand what it says then it worked…..
    that's what language is for, to convey ideas and principles.
    a spelling mistake does not break this…. make one mistake in a math formula and the whole thing breaks down….
    that's why i think language is far from done/perfect…..

  23. My mom thinks I have a form of dyslexia. And I watched these to see if I relate too see if I should ask a professional. I relate to 99% of this. Another thing I struggle with is words vibrating and flashing. Dose anyone know what it is?? It is really confusing.
    (I used text to speech like five times here😅 God bless Google)

  24. I was told I had dyslexia when I was a kid. The truth was I was just lazy and didn't like doing homework. When I got older and started trying harder in school, surprise surprise.. it spontaneously went away. I suspect this would be the case for most so-called "dyslexics".

  25. Thers also countlexia which means you struggle with math symbols like dyslexic people struggle with letters for example a countlexic person mistakes ÷ for = or +

  26. I have dyslexia. My father would carry around a small pocket dictionary. The technology opened to me now as given me more confidence. It doesn't mean I don't struggle but it now means it feels more available to participate. He failed to mention that people with dyslexia usually have higher iq's.

  27. Hi guys! I would like to invite you to join of Facebook group THE RISE OF THE DYSLEXIC SPEAKER. Our group aims to help people with dyslexia to become presenters and public speakers so they can connect, influence and grow their careers.

  28. Ok wtf
    This morning my Biology teacher was talking about dyslexia in class
    And this shows up at my recommendations?
    Excuse me?????

  29. This would have been such a great video for an audible ad. "Those with the dislexia experience that laborious pace every time they read… BUT WE HAVE GOOD NEWS GUYS".

  30. When I was young, I used to have dyslexia… But I did not know!

    So when my aunt told me about it when I was young, I was surprised..

    But as I got older, I got rid of my dyslexia!

  31. My eyes skip lines then i read the same line over again im really bad at maths but im in set one for english and my best freind think i have ADD

  32. I have dyslexia I used to read horribly but I feel like a learning ai I struggle with new words but common word I am slow at reading but I can read is this just me

  33. I have mild dyslexia on spelling side but if I have I bit of help and I'm fine. Oh and idk if this is dyslexia but when I was younger I would get yellow and green mixed up I don't now though.

  34. i like this vid about it because i have Dyslexia and i wanted to know how it works so thank you for teaching me about it!

  35. That's great and all, but what is the recommended " intensive multi sensory intervention" to change the dyslexics neuroplasticity?…Please and thanks.

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