Titanic Sinking – 10 Mistakes Why Titanic Sank | 9 Ways Titanic Could Have Survived

Titanic Sinking – 10 Mistakes Why Titanic Sank | 9 Ways Titanic Could Have Survived


April 10, 1912. Every newspaper in the world headlined the
launch of the Queen of the Ocean – Titanic. A ship that was fondly called the floating
palace, the Unsinkable and the Ship of Dreams. Built by 15000 men in Belfast of Ireland for
over 6 months, Titanic was the pride and heart of White Star Line, a British shipping company
whose owner called it – “The ship that God himself couldn’t sink” It is no mystery what happened to the ship
– or so we all believed for 105 years. Reality was hidden away and many human errors
were buried deep in the Atlantic Ocean as the official inquiry stated that the high
speed collision with an iceberg was the sole reason behind this tragedy. However, recent discoveries baffled the analysts
and journalists who unearthed many secrets that were barely recorded during the investigation. Was it ice that took down Titanic? Or was it Fire? Or was it a combination of unfortunate coincidences? Or blatant human errors? In this video, you will learn the story behind
Titanic’s sinking, the never ending list of mistakes, the cover ups made to conceal them
and simple steps that could have prevented this remarkable historical tragedy. Lets begin with timeline. April 10, 1912 Honoring the largest man made object ever
to have taken to seas, other ships were cancelled and over a 100,000 people were present to
witness the launch of Titanic New docks were built just to launch this brand
new ship which was set for its first ever voyage from Southampton England to New York
City, USA. Best in class cutlery, china, wines, expensive
artwork, decor made the ship the most luxurious ship ever built. By Noon
With a total of 2222 passengers and crew, Titanic undocked and began its journey on
the Trans Atlantic waters. April 14, 1912
11:40 PM Just 4 days after the ship set sail on its
maiden journey, a tragedy took down the Titanic and 1500 lives along with it. While the ship boasted of onboarding the latest
technology and grandeur, one ice berg was all it took to sink the unsinkable. Or so we thought. 11:50 PM
Captain is informed that the ship can stay afloat for only 2 hours because of the extensive
damage to its lower decks which were flooding at an alarming rate April 15, 1912 12:00 AM
First distress signal was transmitted from the ship. 12:45 AM
First lifeboat was lowered and subsequently the others 2:17 AM Final Distress signal was sent from the Captain
of the ship 2:20 AM
Titanic was no longer on the sea waters, but beneath the Atlantic Ocean. 2/3rds of the passengers and crew froze to
death and Titanic never finished its first journey. 1985
After 73 years since the sinking and several unsuccessful attempts over the years, finally
RMS Titanic ship Wreck was found resting 12,500 feet deep on the ocean bed. 2017
Photographs of the ship’s voyage were made public which immediately caught the attention
of Titanic’s analysts. More on this later. 2019
Recent expedition showed the severe deterioration of the wreck site giving an estimate of the
wreck totally disappearing in the next 20 years due to the metal eating bacteria’s growth. Now lets look at the mistakes that led to
the sinking of this ship in the order of their timeline and occurence. 1. Coal
That was the time when there was a mining strike being held across the UK. As a result, the availability of coal became
challenging. Thanks to the reputation, Titanic managed
to get just enough coal including the coal borrowed from the other ships that cancelled. You will understand why “just enough coal”
proved to be a problem subsequently at Mistake #3. 2. Steel
As a part of investigation of History channel’s documentary, it came to light that the White
Star Line company chose to use “ordinary steel” to build Titanic while the ship of that size
really needed some special steel requirements. Titanic had 2 sister ships – Olympic and Britannic. While Britannic also sank, Olympic collided
the Royal Navy’s HMS Hawke and the way its HAUL was damaged in 1935, clearly proved the
quality of steel used to build these ships. History made it clear that a ship as huge
as Titanic could not have been taken down just by an ice berg. While an ordinary steel played one part, the
next mistake played the crucial role 3. Fire
When the photographs of Titanic were made public in 2017, what caught the investigator’s
eyes was the black diagnol stain on the ship’s right haul. When dug deeper, it was found that one of
the coal bunkers where tonnes of coal is stored was on fire since a few weeks by then and
hence the mark. Coal was loaded 3 weeks before the launch. Meaning – Titanic was already on fire before
it even left the docks. In all fairness, it is however, difficult
to learn about the burning fire until the fire becomes significant. Coal often rubs off and generates fire which
could be burning for weeks! Several firemen survivors confirmed this in
their initial interviews with American newspapers but little attention was paid. Since the ship carried just enough coal, 11
fire workers were assigned the task of emptying the burning coal from the bunker into the
furnace. Furnace is what fuels the engines of the ship
and since large amounts of coal was being dumped, the engines were running at full throttle,
having no other option. Red hot coal bunker caused the adjacent bunkers
coal burn up as well. After 3 days of shoveling coal from the bunkers,
fire workers noted the steel walls of the ship having become red hot with extreme temperatures
in the burners and the bulkhead which plays a crucial role in keeping the ship afloat
in case of an incident was sevrely warped and damaged. So this fire by then endangered the steel’s
structure. this when the ice berg hit the ship – exactly
near the bulkhead and the coal bunker which was already damaged. Under normal circumstances, the ship would
have stayed afloat for at least 3-4 days after the ice berg collision giving plenty of time
for rescue operation but there was nothing normal about this tragedy. 4. Ship speed
Be it the unnatural amounts of coal being shoved into its furnaces, or the pressure
on Captain from the White Star Line Company to create headlines by making Titanic not
just the largest but also the fastest, the ship in the end was travelling beyond its
regulated capacity clocking 23 knots speed while the recommended was only 19-21 knots. When the ice bergs were noticed by the lookout
team, this speed made it impossible for the engines to either halt or steer away from
the ice berg on time 5. Ice berg warnings
A total of 6 warnings were issued to the Titanic by the other ships on the ocean alerting them
of huge field of icebergs in their path. But Titanic, could not slow down. 6. Binoculars
This one may stun you. Titanic had everything! From pet walkers to personal helps, from luxury
spa options to world’s finest and costliest wines. But what it did not have was a pair of binoculars! The second officer in whose desk there was
a pair of binoculars was transferred in the last minute and he missed handing over his
desk keys. The lookout staff person named Fleet who first
spotted the iceberg and rang the warning bell shouting, “Ice berg ahead”, was one of the
survivors of Titanic. During the official investigation, when he
was asked what difference having binoculars would have made, he stated clearly that they
would have spotted the berg earlier and the collision would not have happened. Since it was almost midnight and there was
a lot of fog and mist, bergs were not easily spottable for the naked human eye. Mr. Fleet however could not live out his rest
of the life normally. He slipped into depression post Titanic and
committed suicide unable to carry the burden of this grief. 7. A ship that did not respond
When the first distress signal was sent from Titanic at 12 AM and SOS rockets were fired,
a ship called Californian was pretty close to Titanic and could have reached on time
saving all the endangered lives. However, for reasons unknown, the Captain
of Californian chose not to act and this inaction got him suspended eventually. Though the enquiry believed that Californian
could have prevented such a severe life loss, he was later reinstated into his job. 8. Evacuation Time
Tthe top ranked crew took over 20 minutes to finally realize that the ship was going
to sink. It was then that they had their crew rushing
to First class, Second class and Third class decks requesting everyone to put on their
life jackets. However, no chance was given to the survivors
to fight for their lives until it was too late as most of them remained in dark about
what was going to happen to the ship. The first lifeboat was lowered only after
1 hour 5 minutes of the ice berg collision 9. Lifeboats Management
While the capacity of Titanic was over 3300 on board, the lifeboats that it carried were
only 20 instead of 60. While each boat could carry about 60-65 people,
that meant that only 1200-1300 people actually ever had a chance to survive in case of an
event like this. The shocking fact about why the ship wasn’t
equipped with enough number of boats was optics. because too many boats made the ship look
cluttered and it did not appease the eyes. This cosmetic change could also have been
made owing to the ship’s tag of being the unsinkable. Usually before a voyage, a drill is conducted
with the crew on lifeboats management. But Titanic’s crew never had that drill so
when they actually needed to man these lifeboats, their inexperience proved to be very costly
as the initial boats left the ship with just 12 people in each while they could have carried
several more. While 2 boats sank with the ship, 18 lifeboats
were finally deployed. So the boats that could have easily saved
at least 1300, ended up saving only half. The number of survivors of Titanic was 712. Though the crew insisted that the lifeboats
be filled with women and children first, many half filled boats carried the first class
wealthy men. towards the end due to this mismanagement,
As chaos erupted and boats were being swamped to escape the sinking ship, shots were fired
by Titanic officers to ensure that only women and children got onto at least some of the
boats. It is reported that at least 27 people were
shot and killed. The last lifeboat left Titanic at 2:05 AM. The ship Carpathia which was 4 hours away
responded to Titanic’s distress call and picked up the first lifeboat at 4:10 AM and the last
lifeboat at 8:50 AM of 15th April, 1912, long after Titanic was sunk. 10. Social/Political/Financial Pressure
The enormous propellers of Titanic had to be shipped off to help its sister ship Olympic
thereby postponing Titanic’s launch. So any further delays in the launch could
have made White Star Line company bankrupt. Titanic’s first voyage tickets were also booked
by many of the world’s richest men who would not have accepted anything other than what
was promised – even the launch date. Mining strike pressurized the owners into
borrowing coal but postponing was not an option. World was eagerly waiting for its first glance
at this mammoth ship. Every single factor built pressure on the
owners, the partners as well as the Captain. However, the headline that they wanted Titanic
to make, wasn’t the one it made in the end. All these mistakes played their part. But Titanic could have remained unsinkable
probably ruling the Ocean like a queen had any of these 9 things been different. 1. If only Californian responded, no lives would
have been lost 2. Had all the 60 lifeboats been fully stocked,
life loss would have been 0 3. If the lifeboats were properly managed, it
could have saved hundreds of more lives 4. Had the second officer handed over the desk
keys with the binoculars, ice berg would have never hit
5. Had the warnings been taken seriously, the
lookout would have been more vigilant 6. Had the ship traveled on recommended speed,
it could have managed deviating from the ice berg though it was spotted late
7. Had the coal not been burning, the steel wouldn’t
have been so weak that an ice berg ripped off into the ship
8. Had the steel been of better quality, the
fire wouldn’t have weakened and battered the steel so badly
9. Had the owners postponed the launch after
a complete and thorough safety check along with the drill, things would have been very
different. No one would have had to die if not for these
human errors, ego included. So why did it take so long for some of these
facts to come out? As the fire workers kept working on transferring
the burning coal into furnaces, their officers ordered them to keep their mouths shut and
not to say a word about this fire to anyone on the ship. May who survived later disclosed these stunning
facts to the US journalists. Lord Mercey who commissioned the official
inquiry into Titanic’s investigation had little to no interest in the fire theory as he brushed
it off and did not give scope for any questions on that front. Thomas Lewis, leader of the firemen was allowed
to be questioned only after 11 days into the inquiry who confirmed knowing about the coal
fire before the launch and that it was tackled only after the ship set to sail
The photographs that were released in 2017, rekindled the modern age journalism that dug
out these theories deciphering the subtle mentions, the pictures and latest technology
to understand how the steel could have behaved. None of the investigations however can ease
the pain of the 1500 plus travelers who felt a thousand knives stabbing them as they dived
into the Atlantic. Or for how long they desperately waited in
the freezing water looking and hoping for the lifeboats to return
The fact remains that very few of them drowned while majority of them died of hypothermia
left frozen in the middle of the ocean on a midnight. From 2 month old baby to a 75 year old man,
from young dreamers to passionate families who boarded the ship to realize their dreams
in the USA never got that chance and whoever did reach the city of New York only looked
at Statue of Liberty knowing their rest of the lives were scarred and nothing would ever
be the same. And it did not. Because it was impossible to forget the cry
for help of those whom they left behind. Cries that never seemed to end and when they
finally ended, it only meant the worse had happened. For the outside world, Titanic was human marvel. Titanic in the end, was a grand gamble that never paid
off.

4 thoughts on “Titanic Sinking – 10 Mistakes Why Titanic Sank | 9 Ways Titanic Could Have Survived

  1. It totally blows off my mind after knowing this facts that actually it was not an accident but in a way indirect planned killings. Hope all those unfortunate souls found their peace. Good work Indianistic.

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