The Wizard of Oz – What’s the Difference?

The Wizard of Oz – What’s the Difference?


Toto? I have a feeling we’re
not in Kansas anymore.>>Wow, can you believe
The Wizard of Oz is 80 years old? Well, it’s a classic of
American film-making, it’s lauded as the poster
child of Technicolor. And it has spawned a number of parodies,
knock-offs, urban legends, merchandise, and that thing people do with
Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of the Moon. (Music) So yeah, Casey,
I can’t believe it’s that old. But all that acclaim and attention wouldn’t exist without
L Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The novel was written to the scope of the
Midwestern American droughts of the 1850s. So it’s no surprise that audiences in 1939
connected with the film after years of living through the Dust Bowl. But the film makes significant changes to
things like motives and structure and->>And bears, my!>>(Laugh) Right, because of the- (Laugh)
>>But I was going to say a number of beheadings.>>(Laugh) Wait, what?>>So click your heels together because
it’s time to ask, what’s the difference? (Music) Both the movie and
the book begin in Kansas, where Dorothy lives with
Auntie Uncle Henry, and her dog Toto. But the movie makes a major change to
Dorothy’s attitude about her home in what is arguably the most iconic scene. (Music) Movie Dorothy longs to leave Kansas behind
to find her happiness somewhere over the rainbow. Book Dorothy, however, never
expresses interest in leaving Kansas. And while the book only spends a small
chapter at home before the cyclone sends her off to Oz, the movie concocts a whole new plot
along with a number of new characters. Characters like Miss Gulch,
the affluent Scrooge of the town, who threatens to destroy Toto.>>I’m taking him to the sheriff and
make sure he’s destroyed.>>Dorothy seeks out support
from not only her aunt and uncle but also from the ranch hands,
Hunk, Hickory, and Zeke.>>What’s the matter? going to let a lit old pig
make a coward out of you? (Laugh)
>>The movie also introduced the unscrupulous yet lovable Professor Marvel,
who tricks her into returning home.>>I’ve gotta go home right away!>>But what’s this? I thought you were going along with me.>>The new plot and
characters mirror Dorothy’s time in Oz, which makes the context of her
trip different from the book. The cyclone trip in the book is meant to
be taken literally, it actually happens. And it takes so long to get to Oz
that Dorothy gets super bored.>>This cyclone takes forever.>>But in the movie, Dorothy is blindsided
by a window knocking her unconscious. The editor uses dissolves to communicate
that Dorothy has entered a fantasy state, so unlike the book, Oz is just a dream. Regardless, in both mediums, Dorothy inadvertently commits
house on witch homicide. The only thing left behind are the witch’s
slippers, which in the movie are red, of course, but in the book,
they’re silver. The old house on the witch,
I’m getting too old for this (Bleep). Movie Dorothy is greeted by the Good
Witch Glinda, who stands by her when the Wicked Witch of the West pops
in to lament her sister’s death and threaten Dorothy over the red slippers.>>I’ll get you, my pretty.>>But in the book, Dorothy instead
meets the Good Witch of the North. Neither Glinda nor the Wicked Witch of the West will
appear until much later in the story.>>But the movie has already
laid the groundwork for Dorothy’s adversary in Miss Gulch,
aka the Wicked Witch. So having her appear early makes her
place in the story much more personal. (Sound)
>>All right, you can get up, she’s gone.>>In both mediums, the Good Witch
shares her wisdom with Dorothy. Hold onto your slippers, she says. They must be powerful, she claims. And find the Wizard of Oz, she instructs. He can help you get home, she guesses. Just follow the yellow brick road. (Music)>>The Good Witch of the North in
the book goes one step further, by leaving Dorothy with
an enchantment of protection. No one would dare harm her
in the land of Oz now. After Dorothy sets off down the Yellow
Brick Road in both mediums, she happens upon her three companions, the Scarecrow,
the Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion. Each has their own deep desire
that the Great Wizard of Oz may be able to help with. But the movie diverges from the book
when it comes to their motivations.>>In the book,
the Scarecrow is only two days old, but knows well enough that he’s lesser
than the man who built him. One particularly intelligent crow tells
him that brains are the only thing worth having in this world. If he can get that, then he’ll be as good
as most men, and even better than some.>>The most we get out of his
motives in the film is that he’s too dumb to scare the crows. But of course, he’s got a laundry list
of things he’d do if he had a brain. (Music) According to the film, the Tin Man wants a
heart so that he may feel human emotions. Apparently the tin maker
simply forgot to give him one. But in the book the Tin Man is
particularly concerned with the emotion of love. We see he was once a woodsman
in love with a Munchkin girl. But the Wicked Witch cursed his axe so
that over time, he gradually lopped off his limbs, torso,
and ultimately his head with every swing. A local replaced his missing flesh with
tin, but was unable to recreate his heart. So if the Wizard can give him a new heart,
he’ll be able to marry his true love. Finally, the Cowardly Lion wants
Oz to give him courage, for only then can he truly be
the king of the forest. And while the Cowardly Lion in
the book is similarly motivated, he also points out how lonely it is to be
both feared by and afraid of everything. And now that our merry band is together, they set off to Emerald City to meet
the wizard, a journey fraught with perils. In the movie, the Wicked Witch
puts obstacles in the group’s way, all with the intention of
taking Dorothy’s slippers. (Laugh)
>>But in the book,
these perils are purely environmental. The literary Land of Oz is
generally more dangerous and violent than the movie counterpart. In the movie, the witch merely subdues
the group in a field of poppies, but Glinda crossfades into the picture,
saving them with magic snow.>>Dorothy, you’re waking up!>>However in the book, it’s the queen of the field mice who
helps them out of the poppy fields, for she was indebted to the Tin Man for
saving her from a pursuing predator. Which brings us to the Emerald City and
the titular Wizard of Oz, whose merry upper class inhabitants sing a happy
tune and tend to their guests’ needs. The movie mirrors the book’s depiction of
the Emerald City, save for one detail. The book requires everyone in the city
to wear emerald colored glasses in an egregious case of fashion fascism. And while book Dorothy is easily
granted access to the reclusive wizard, thanks to the good
witch’s protection charm, movie Dorothy instead brings the doorman
to tears with emotional anguish.>>Please don’t cry anymore. I’ll get you in to the Wizard somehow.>>The movie chooses to introduce
him as a massive disembodied head over intimidating pyrotechnics,
which is how I like to meet most people. But in the book it is but
one of his many forms. He also appears as a biblical
ball of fire, a monsterous beast, and a B-E-A-utiful fairy.>>No matter is form in both mediums,
he directs Dorothy and his friends to kill the Wicked Witch of
the West in order to earn their wishes. (Music)>>In the movie, Dorothy is stolen away
by the witch’s pet flying monkeys, who leave Dorothy’s friends behind.>>What happened to you?>>The Wicked Witch from the book
first sends bees, crows, and wolves, all of which end up being murdered. Damn! It’s only then she sends the Flying
Monkeys, who are not the pets depicted in the film, but instead a cursed group
of beings bound to a magic hat and forced to carry out three wishes. What the movie lacks in violence,
it makes up for in tension.>>Do you see that? That’s how much longer
you’ve got to be alive.>>The Witch puts a ticking
clock on Dorothy’s life. Her companions embark on
a comical infiltration scheme. Ultimately, the group reunites, only to
find the Wicked Witch has them cornered. But when the Witch takes a flame to
the Scarecrow- No, Scarecrow kryptonite! Dorothy tosses a pail of
water to douse the flames, inadvertently melting the Witch. Witch kryptonite!>>I’m melting, melting! What a world, what a world.>>The confrontation in the book puts the
full burden of the situation on Dorothy’s shoulders. The flying monkeys knock Scarecrow and the Tin Man out of the game by
dropping them from a great height. The lion is left chained in a dungeon,
while Dorothy is subjected to housework till she snaps and throws her mop
water on the witch out of frustration.>>You liquidated her, eh? Very resourceful.>>Yes, sir.>>In both mediums, the Wizard turns out
to be a sham, a shyster, a pettifogger. An old humbug from the heart of Kansas,
a real son of a (Bleep). But Dorothy and her friends refuse
to let him off the hook, so he does his best to grant
their wishes anyway. In the movie, he presents the scarecrow
with a university degree, the lion with a medal for bravery, and the Tin Man
with a testimonial token of affection.>>The wizard in the book is
much more arts and crafts. He makes the scarecrow a brain out of
a mixture of bran, pins, and needles. For the Tin Man, he installs a heart
made of silk and stuffed with sawdust. And for the lion,
a bottle of liquid courage, weakling.>>And like the movie, Dorothy is to be taken home by
the humbug himself in a balloon. But Toto mucks up the take off,
leaving them stranded in Oz. Bad dog. But not to worry,
because Glinda has a solution. In the movie, she magically appears. In the book, Dorothy must travel
a great distance to reach her. So for the next few chapters, Dorothy and
her friends weave through frightening and foreign lands, armed with nothing but
their brains, their hearts, and their courage, and an axe, and
a group of flying monkeys. Yeah, of course she put the hat on. It’s so pretty. In both mediums, Glinda reveals how Dorothy had the power
to go home all along, like a chump. In the movie, she had to complete
an emotional odyssey in order to realize there is no place like home. But since book Dorothy never wanted
to leave Kansas to begin with, she had to learn self-reliance. It’s by taking matters into her
own hands that she finds Glinda, who tells her the secret
power of the silver slippers. (Sound)
By the end, Dorothy makes it back home. Auntie And Uncle Henry are elated to
find Dorothy alive after all this time. Although, I imagine there would
be little time to celebrate, since they’re busy rebuilding their house. The movie ends with Dorothy regaining
consciousness, the dream is over, and having experienced the wonders
in the dangers of the world. Dorothy is happy to be home.>>There’s no place like home. (Sound)
>>And that’s the end of our yellow brick roads. Be sure to like this video and
subscribe for more What’s the Difference, right here in the merry
old land of Cinefix. (Music)

100 thoughts on “The Wizard of Oz – What’s the Difference?

  1. LOL. What is that word at 7:52? It sounds like you called him a pedophile! That's pretty severe. Even the close captioning says it! Seriously, I think it was pettifogger?

  2. Best thing I've seen on this channel. But before you go nuts, there are very few movies so great as to command this fascination.

  3. The movie question I would like someone to answer is, what happened to Ms. Gulch? Did she come back after the end credits to get To (she had to figure out he wasn't in the basket sooner or later)? Did she have a change of heart, after Dorothy almost died for her dog? Did she die in the tornado?
    Inquiring minds want to know!

  4. I've seen the movie many times but never read the book this video makes it sound very interesting I'm gonna have to check it out

  5. It’s been at least 25 years, but weren’t they given “emerald” clothes in the city as well, which turned out to be white when they left and removed the glasses that “protected their eyes” from the brilliance of the emeralds? I remember reading that and having my mind blown by idea that there were no emeralds in the Emerald City, and it was as much of a sham as the wizard. Am I making that up?

  6. Science fiction writer, Philip Jose Farmer, in A Barnstormer in Oz, wonders why, if all the animals are intelligent and can talk, they would have a scarecrow because they wouldn't be fooled by him. His solution is that, in Oz, he is there to mark the space of the corn field that is open to the needy to eat.

  7. So the Tin Man was planning to marry a munchkin? In other words, Baum invented Rule 34. And getting over opiate drowsiness with "magic snow"? Lol. Baum was a playa!

  8. Ironic to think that one of the greatest movies ever made was a screenplay based on a children's book published in 1900.

  9. You forgot to mention that the author was a man of letters and Dorothy was actually based on his daughter who got stucked in OZ.

  10. Hey guys, that was awesome! I hope you can do an episode of What’s the Difference between the Diary of a Wimpy Kid books 📚 and movies 🎥.

  11. FUN FACT: The author was such a huge fan and expert about chickens, he ended up publishing a manual about how to breed pedigree ones ("The Book of the Hamburgs: A Brief Treatise upon the Mating, Rearing, and Management of the Different Varieties of Hamburgs.") And it began at first as short article for a local newspaper.

    NOT-SO-FUN FACT: None of the actors of the movie cared for Judy Garland, even much worse for her already tragic & difficult life, they disliked and were even cruel to her; except for only one that became her only friend: Margaret Hamilton, the actress who performed as The Wicked Witch.

  12. Also, in the book the Munchkins all wore blue. The Tin Woodsman was also a bad ass in the book who built bridges to aid them in their journey, and fought and killed panthers blocking their way to the Emerald city. I also remember they took a trip thru the land where everything is made of china including the people, and one town had been attacked but they find a little china girl which joins them. Maybe I'm mixing up some of the other books, not sure.

  13. The book was better. I saw the film several times as a kid, but upon repeated viewings, it doesn't hold up nearly as well as everyp- everybody says. The film never establishes the storm killed Gulch with certainty, so Toto is still wanted. Removing the nameless Good Witch of the North makes the witches in Oz seem uneven and unbalanced, and makes Glinda look more like a trouble maker. And having Oz be a dream diminishes the stakes of the story and reinforces the need for moral lesson, a lesson which is already learned in the first twenty minutes of the film. After 80 years, and all of my life, the film is still fun for the musical numbers, but the rest doesn't hold up as well as Baum's story.

  14. This is why I like Return to Oz better. It makes it clear she traveled to OZ and actress who played Dorthy was closer to age to the girl in the book.

  15. I've been thinking, does Dorothy have the power to go to and from Oz after she gets back home, because if she still has the ruby slippers she should be able to click her heels and go back to Oz…right? That's how I have seen it but I'm not completely sure. So my question is does she still have the ruby slippers after she returns home? Because if she does then she should be able to get back to Oz, but if she doesn't she would not be able to. Can someone answer that for me please?

  16. Tin Man is a former Japanese Samurai in Codename S.T.E.A.M. I love how wild the Oz gang and their abilities are portrayed in that game.

  17. We always made fun of the way everyone pronounced her name with three syllables: "DAH-rah-thee!" We thought it was funny the way the Tin Man said "if I only had a HAHHHT" (and what IS a "tin man" anyway? The book explains it better, even if it's gruesome).

  18. People complain that Hollywood has run out of ideas because of all the remakes and reboots that have come out in recent years (especially Disney's live-action remakes) without knowing that the 1939 Wizard of Oz is the third adaptation of the book.

  19. Would love to see you do your version of What's the difference…Forrest Gump. I really like the book and movie, but they are completely different

  20. Personally, I liked the second story a little better. The Tin Woodsman has his name revealed as Nick Chopper. The Scarecrow was made king of the Emerald City, but had to fend off an invasion by young women revolting over being made housewives. The hero is a boy named Tip who turns out to be the rightful heir to the kingdom of the Emerald City, and was a girl named Ozma but had an enchantment to hide her true being to the world.

  21. The wizard claims to be a very good man, just a lousy wizard. How can we let him get away with that? He had recently sent a young girl and her friends to what he surely thought was to be killed, just to save his easy-street job. No one holds him accountable for THAT.

    Also, I've never understood how is it that no one seems to know who he really is, though he explains that when his balloon ended up in Oz, the people gave him the job. Huh?

  22. Love this movie, THERE IS NO PLACE LIKE HOME, you get older and with time change, love ones gone, YOU JUST REALIZE, ENJOY YOUR YOUTH, YOUR FAMILY, FRIENDS, CAUSE WITHIN seconds, OUR LIFE CHANGES, WE CAN NOT BRING BACK, STAYS AS MEMORIES FOREVER, MISSED ALL, WISH YOU CAN JUST AWAKE AND THINGS ARE STILL THE SAME. YOU do not know what you have, until it is GONE,, LOVE THIS MOVIE FOREVER AND EVER.

  23. Another interesting aspect to the books is that Baum was basically the Trope Codifier of the party-based fetch quest. A big chunk of the stories follow the same basic formula as Wizard Of Oz, with a human plus some number of whimsical creatures going on an adventure to kill something, retrieve something, or both – while facing obstacles that their native talents are uniquely suited to overcome. Basically, every lazy-ass DM and RPG designer ever is just ripping off Baum's shtick.

    (Yet strangely, no one's ever done a faithful RPG adaptation of Oz. I mean, it would be perfect for a Bethesda-style open world RPG.)

  24. One of the guys doing the voice-over sounds like Maddox. Well, if Maddox had talent and a personality. And an ability to read copy.

  25. Could we get a what's the difference on cirque du freak: the vampires assistant? I know it's a terrible movie but I'd like to know 🙂

  26. Kinda bummed you skimmed over the book detail that the Emerald City isn’t emerald at all but white, hence the need for everyone to wear emerald colored glasses so no one would realize the hoax. Besides that, great video—I love watching these comparisons you guys do

  27. SJWs will soon want an old black male in the leading role of Dorothy instead of a young white female to make it more “woke”
    Morgan Freeman, Samuel L Jackson, Denzel Washington, Wesley Snipes, Cuba Gooding Jr are considering.

  28. In High School I took "Literature to Film" one of the more fun classes you could take in your Senior year where the teacher shows the movie and you have to read the book as well. After the movie showing was over you take a test that consisted of questions strictly from the movie AND book… this way the students who only watched the movie but failed to actually read the book would naturally only get 50% of the questions right and therefore fail the class. The Wizard of Oz was the first book/movie we studied and it really made me appreciate them both.

  29. Why nobody wrote the rest of the journeys to those other hidden gems😊 Sapphires arent getting any cheaper either.

  30. I really hope you're planning to follow this up with an episode about "Return to Oz", since that's actually a combination of two books. That would be fascinating!
    Also, since you used so much of the original art by W.W. Denslow, I never miss an opportunity to point out that he made so much money off "The Wizard of Oz" that he BOUGHT AN ISLAND IN THE BERMUDAS AND NAMED HIMSELF KING.

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