The Stones Cry Out (2012) #3: Rulers in Stone


♪ THESE VERY STONES CRY OUT 7♪ “I AM.” 7♪Myles: SHALOM AND WELCOME TOZOLA LEVITT PRESENTS.I’M MYLES WEISS. Katharine: AND I’M KATHARINE WEISS. Myles: AND WE ARE BLESSED TO BRING YOU OUR NEXT PROGRAM IN THE SERIES: “THE STONES CRY OUT.” REMEMBER THIS VERY SCRIPTURE COMES FROM LUKE 19:40. IT WAS JESUS HIMSELF WHO SAID THAT IF THE DISCIPLES DIDN’T PRAISE HIM, IF THE WORLD DIDN’T PRAISE HIM THE VERY STONES WOULD CRY OUT. IN THIS SERIES WE’RE DEMONSTRATING THE STONES CRYING OUT TODAY IN THE LAND OF ISRAEL AS ARCHAEOLOGY CATCHES UP TO THE BIBLE AND VERIFIES, THROUGH SCIENCE, EVERY WORD THAT IS IN THIS BOOK. IT’S VERY EXCITING. Katharine: AND THE EXISTENCE OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE, THE EXISTENCE OF THE LINE OF DAVID… Myles: ESPECIALLY, THE LINE OF DAVID. TODAY, IN THIS PROGRAM, WE’RE LOOKING FOR RULERS IN STONE, AND WE HAVE WITH US A COPY OF THE VERY WORK THAT WAS FOUND IN TEL DAN, UP IN THE NORTH OF ISRAEL, WHICH DEMONSTRATES THE HOUSE OF DAVID, BEING IT’S INSCRIBED ON THIS STONE; AND IT DEMONSTRATES THAT DAVID WAS NOT A MYTHOLOGICAL CHARACTER. HE WAS NOT A FANCIFUL KING THAT WAS MADE UP BY THE JEWISH PEOPLE OR INVENTED BY BIBLE PEOPLE; BUT HE WAS A REAL PERSON WHO LIVED A REAL LIFE AND HIS DYNASTY ALSO EXISTED. AND THAT’S GOING TO BE PROVEN BY THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES IN THIS PROGRAM TODAY. Katharine: YEAH. WE’RE SO EXCITED TO BRING YOU THESE PROGRAMS. AND WE WANT TO MAKE THEM CONTINUALLY AVAILABLE TO YOU AND WE DO THAT ONLY BY YOUR GIFTS OF FUNDS, SO WE THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THAT. WE KNOW THAT YOU’RE FAITHFUL AND WE’RE FAITHFUL TO CONTINUE THIS MESSAGE THAT’S BEGUN THREE DECADES AGO, TO STAND WITH ISRAEL AND TO CONTINUE TO UNCOVER THE TREASURES THAT ARE IN THE LAND OF ISRAEL. Myles: AMEN, THAT’S PERFECT. YOU KNOW, WE REALLY WANT TO CONTINUE TO BRING THIS TO YOU AND SO WE THANK YOU FOR STANDING WITH US AND FOR YOUR SUPPORT. NOW, LET’S GO TO DR. TOM McCALL ON LOCATION WITH ARCHAEOLOGIST ROSS VOSS AT TEL DAN.Tom: WELL, ROSS, HERE WE ARE,SITTING IN FRONT OF THE WALLSAND THE GATES OF TEL DAN.CAN YOU TELL US WHY TEL DAN IS SO IMPORTANT IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY? Ross Voss: WELL, FIRST OF ALL, I THINK THE MOST IMPORTANT THING ABOUT DAN IS IT’S THE BEST PRESERVED OF ALL THE BIBLICAL CITIES EVER EXCAVATED AND UNCOVERED IN THE LAND OF ISRAEL. AND IT WAS ONE OF THE LARGEST CITIES AND ONE OF THE ONLY CITIES THAT WE’VE EXCAVATED, THAT HAS A HIGH PLACE OR A CULT CENTER THAT’S BEEN EXCAVATED, THAT CAN LET US KNOW WHAT THE PHYSICAL REMAINS OF AN ISRAELITE CENTER OF WORSHIP ARE LIKE. Tom: WELL, WE’RE RIGHT HERE IN THE FRONT OF THE GATE, THE ENTRANCE INTO THE CITY. CAN YOU DESCRIBE WHAT ALL OF THE THINGS ARE THAT WE SEE HERE AT THE GATE?Ross: IN THIS SOUTH SIDEOF THE CITY WHERE WE SIT,WE’RE OUTSIDE THE WALLSOF THE ENCLOSUREOF THE ANCIENT SITE OF DAN.AND IN THE OUTSIDE, THERE’SA LARGE PIAZZA OR PAVEMENTOF THE SALT FLAGSTONES WHICHCREATE AN OPEN SPACE WHEREIN THE BIBLICAL PERIOD THERE WERE THE MARKETS. IN THE HEBREW THEY CALL IT THE “HUTSOT,” WHICH IN THE TIME OF KING AHAB, WERE THE PLACE OF MEETING FOR THE MERCHANTS, FOR THE PEOPLE IN THE BAZAAR WHO WANTED TO TRADE AND SELL COMMODITIES. ALSO, FROM THE NEIGHBORING KINGDOMS OF THE ARAMEANS AND THE PHOENICIANS, THIS WAS THE ONLY OPEN SPACE NEAR THE CITY. INSIDE THE CITY IT WAS VERY CROWDED AND CONGESTED BUT ON THE OUTSIDE, THEY WOULD HAVE THESE LARGE COURTYARDS.Zola: WE READIN II SAMUEL 19:8,THIS MODEL OF THE CITY OF DANSHOWS HOW THE EXISTINGLOWER STONE STRUCTURE SUPPORTEDVERY IMPRESSIVE DEFENSIVETOWERS FORMED HERE IN WHITE.AS SEEN FROM ABOVE,THE KING’S THRONEWAS STRATEGICALLY PLACED.♪ 7Tom: IT WAS SOMETHING LIKEA TRAVELING COURT,WHERE PEOPLE WOULD, WHEN THEY HAD THEIR PROBLEMS, THEY WOULD COME AND PRESENT TO THE JUDGE, IN THIS CASE, THE TRAVELING KING. Ross: THAT’S EXACTLY RIGHT, BECAUSE THE KING WOULD, WHEN IN THE COURSE OF HIS RESIDENCE, WOULD LEAVE HIS CAPITAL, WHETHER IT WAS SHECHEM IN THE CASE OF JEROBOAM, OR SAMARIA IN THE CASE OF KING AHAB, HE WOULD HAVE TO CONSUME THE TAXES OF THE KINGDOM THAT HE WAS DUE BY GOING TO DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE KINGDOM. AND HE WOULD THEN, IN THE COURSE OF DOING THAT, COME INTO THE VARIOUS CITIES OF THE VARIOUS TRIBES AND IN THE CASE OF DAN WHERE IN THE TRIBAL CITY OF THE TRIBE OF DAN, HE WOULD COME AND LIVE HERE FOR A CERTAIN PERIOD OF TIME AND CONSUME THE TAXES AND THE PRODUCE AND THE WINE AND THE GRAIN THAT WAS DUE TO HIM. AND IN THAT PARTICULAR PERIOD OF TIME HE WOULD ALSO THEN ENGAGE IN JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS. AND THIS IS WHERE OUR WORD “THE TRAVELING COURT” COMES FROM OR “THE CIRCUIT COURT.” Tom: WELL, ROSS, YOU HAVE DONE ARCHAEOLOGICAL WORK IN THIS TEL IN TIMES PAST AND WE UNDERSTAND AND HAVE HEARD ABOUT THIS FAMOUS HOUSE OF DAVID STONE THAT WAS FOUND HERE A COUPLE OR SO YEARS AGO. WHAT IS–HOW AND WHERE WAS THAT FAMOUS STONE FOUND? Ross: THE INSCRIPTION WAS DISCOVERED REALLY BY ACCIDENT AS MOST GREAT ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES USUALLY ARE. IN THE COURSE OF RESTORING THE WALLS OF THE CITY SO THAT WE COULD TURN THE SITE OF DAN INTO AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK AND VISITORS COULD COME AND SEE HOW IMPRESSIVE THE FORTIFICATIONS WERE AND THE PLACE WHERE THE KING WAS SITTING AS WELL. WE FOUND THESE ROOMS ON THE OUTSIDE PIAZZA WHICH WE’RE CALLING THE HUTSOT OR THE BAZAARS. AND IN THE WALLS THAT I’M SITTING ON WE FOUND ONE PIECE OF INSCRIPTION WHICH FOR THE FIRST TIME OUTSIDE THE BIBLE GIVES US THE NAME “BEITDAVID.” IN HEBREW THAT MEANS “HOUSE OF DAVID”Zola: CHIEF ARCHAEOLOGISTAND FINDER OF THE STONE,DR. AVRAHAM BIRAN,TRANSLATES FROM THE ARAMAICCHISELED INTHIS MOST IMPORTANT FIND.Avraham Biran: YOU SEE THEWORDS ARE SEPARATED BY DOTS.NOW THE EXCITING THING IS WHEN YOU FIND SUDDENLY AN EXPRESSION,WHICH YOU KNOW VERY WELLFROM THE BIBLE,LIKE“MELECH YISRAEL”,“THE KING OF ISRAEL”.THE WORD“MELECH”…KING…“YISRAEL”…OF ISRAEL.“KING OF ISRAEL” WRITTEN IN ANCIENT ARAMAIC SCRIPT. AND BELOW THAT, ANOTHER LINE AND YOU HAVE THE LAST LETTER OF THE WORD “KING”… OF THE WORD“MELECH”SIMILAR TO THE ONE BEFORE,THE LAST LETTER OF THE WORD,“KING”…HALF “MELECH”AND THEN NEXT TO ITIS “BEIT”…“BEIT JUDAH”…“BEIT”…”HOUSE”…“DAVID”…“HOUSE OF DAVID”WITHOUT THE DOT BETWEEN;NOW THAT’S IMPORTANT BECAUSETHAT EXPRESSION “BEIT DAVID,”“HOUSE OF DAVID” WAS APPARENTLYA KNOWN EXPRESSION.Zola: DR. BIRAN RESPONDS TOTHE SCHOLARS WHO QUESTION THEIMPACT OF THIS INCREDIBLE FIND.Dr. Biran: THERE ARE SCHOLARS WHO HAVE THEORIES THAT MOST OF THE HISTORICAL EVENTS MENTIONED IN THE BIBLE ARE POSSIBLY LATE INVENTIONS AND WERE NOT SO. AND SINCE THE HOUSE OF DAVID FOR EXAMPLE, THE NAME, THE EXPRESSION, AND THE NAME “DAVID,” FOR THAT MATTER, WAS NEVER FOUND OUTSIDE THE BIBLE, PEOPLE USED TO SAY, WELL, YOU KNOW, PEOPLE INVENTED A LEGEND. SO NOW YOU HAVE EVIDENCE ON STONE, ENGRAVED ON STONE OF THE EXPRESSION “BEITDAVID,” “HOUSE OF DAVID,” AND I THINK THAT ENDS UP WITH ALL THE DISCUSSIONS OF THE EXISTENCE OF A–AND THAT MEANS, “BEITDAVID” MEANS A DYNASTY OF DAVID. AND THIS IS WRITTEN– I CALLED YOU TO ARCHAEOLOGICAL– THEY BELIEVE THE BIBLE ON EPIGRAPHIC GROUNDS IN THE 9th CENTURY, SAY ABOUT 100 YEARS, 150 YEARS AFTER DAVID’S EXISTENCE. Tom: WE READ IN THE BIBLE THAT JEROBOAM I, WHO BROKE AWAY FROM THE SOUTHERN KINGDOM IN JERUSALEM AND ESTABLISHED THE NORTHERN KINGDOM OF ISRAEL, ESTABLISHED AT THE SAME TIME, CULT WORSHIP OR THE CULT WITH THE GOLDEN CALF. AND ONE OF THE MAIN PLACES WAS HERE IN DAN. IS THERE ANY EVIDENCE THAT SUCH A CULT EXISTED HERE? Ross: YEAH, AND ONE OF THE EXCITING THINGS ABOUT THE WORK THAT I WAS ABLE TO PARTICIPATE IN IS SUPERVISE AN AREA OF THE HIGH PLACE. WHAT WE CALL “THE HIGH PLACE” IN HEBREW IS “BAMA.” THAT WAS THE SITE WHERE THE GOLDEN CALF WAS ESTABLISHED AND SET UP BY JEROBOAM. NOW, THE CALF, IN THE BIBLICAL TRADITION, WAS NOT AN OBJECT OF WORSHIP. IT WASN’T TO BE AN IDOL THAT THE ISRAELITES WERE EQUATING WITH THE GOD OF ISRAEL. THEY WERE VERY MUCH LOOKING AT IT LIKE THE CHERUBIM IN THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM THAT SOLOMON HAD BUILT AS THE THRONE OR THE FOOTSTOOL FOR THE DEITY.Zola: THIS IS THE ENTRANCETO THE HIGH PLACE OR “BAMA”IN HEBREW.ENTERING THIS GATE, THE PEOPLEWOULD BRING THEIR OFFERINGSAND BULLS AND YOUNG CALVESFOR SACRIFICE.THE METAL FRAME SHOWSTHE EXACT SIZE AND LOCATIONOF THE ORIGINAL STONE ALTAR.PRIESTS WOULD ASCEND THE STEPSAND LAY THE ANIMAL ON THE FIREOF THE ALTAR.A FLAT STONE PLATFORM COULD BESEEN IN BACK OF THE METAL FRAMEON WHICH JEROBOAM PLACEDTHE GOLDEN CALF REFERRED TOIN I KINGS 12:28-31.Ross: WE HAVE IN THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CITY OF DAN BY THE ASSYRIANS, WHO ENDED THE KINGDOM IN 733 B.C.E., WE HAVE A ROOM WHERE AN ALTAR WAS FOUND WITH THE VESSELS USED IN THE SACRIFICE. WE HAVE THE IRON SHOVELS, THE CENSERS THAT TOOK THE COALS OFF THE ALTARS AND THE INCENSE OUT OF THE INCENSE ALTARS THAT WERE BURNED TO THE DEITY. AND WE HAVE A BEAUTIFUL BRONZE LIBATION BOWL WHICH WAS POURED AS AN OFFERING TO THE DEITY AS WELL. Tom: SO THIS VALIDATES THE HISTORICITY OF THE CULTIC WORSHIP THAT WAS DESCRIBED IN THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES? Ross: IT GIVES US OUR FIRST TANGIBLE EVIDENCE OF WHAT THE DIMENSIONS OF THE HIGH PLACE ARE LIKE. IF WE LOOK AT THE BIBLICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE TABERNACLE IN EXODUS IN THE TIME OF MOSES AND WE LOOK AT THE MEASUREMENTS OF THE HIGH PLACE, THE ALTAR WHICH WAS 10 CUBITS ON A SIDE ROUGHLY 5 METERS OR ABOUT 5 YARDS TO A SIDE SQUARE, THAT WAS THE SIZE OR THE PRESCRIPTION FOR THE SIZE OF THE SACRIFICIAL ALTAR MENTIONED AT SINAI THAT MOSES WAS TO BUILD FOR THE BURNING OF THE SHEEP AND GOATS AND THE BULLS. AT DAN WE HAVE AN ALTAR THAT FITS EXACTLY THOSE DIMENSIONS. AND THEN THE ALTAR IN THE TABERNACLE IS TO BE 10 METERS IN FRONT OF THE TABERNACLE WHICH WAS THE TENT SHRINE THAT HOUSED THE ARK OF THE COVENANT. AND IN THE HIGH PLACE, WHAT WE CALL THE “BAMA,” WE HAVE A PODIUM, WHICH IS EXACTLY OF THE SAME DIMENSIONS AS THE SIZE OF THE TABERNACLE OR THE TENT SHRINE NORTH OF THE ALTAR. SO THAT SHOWS US HERE THAT IN ISRAELITE WORSHIP THEY’RE FOLLOWING A FORMULA OR A PRESCRIPTION THAT GOES BACK TO AN ANCIENT TRADITION THAT WE CAN DEMONSTRATE EXISTS HERE AT DAN IN THE 9th CENTURY B.C. IN THE TIME OF KING AHAB. ♪ 7Announcer:
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(♪ Soft Flutes ♪) (♪ Loud Lively Music ♪) (♪ Gentle Flutes and Violins ♪) Katharine: ISRAEL, THE LAND OF GOD’S COVENANT; IT’S THE LAND OF GOD’S PROMISES AND THE LAND OF GOD’S ETERNAL PRESENCE. YOU KNOW, HE’S THE SAME YESTERDAY, TODAY AND FOREVER AND YOU REALLY SENSE THAT WHEN YOU GO TO ISRAEL. SO COME WITH US ON OUR NEXT TOUR. WE’D LOVE TO HOST YOU AND WE’D LOVE TO JUST SHARE MORE ABOUT THE HEBREWNESS OF THE GOSPEL. Myles: EXACTLY, THERE’S SUCH AN EXPERIENCE OF THE JEWISH ROOTS OF THE FAITH. ANOTHER WAY THAT YOU CAN LEARN MORE ABOUT YOUR ROOTS IN THE FAITH IS BY RECEIVING OURLEVITT LETTER.IT’S FREE TO YOU. IT COSTS US MONEY TO PUT IT TOGETHER BUT IT’S FREE TO YOU. YOU CAN RECEIVE IT BY GETTING IN TOUCH WITH US AT LEVITT.COM. DIAL 1-800-WONDERS. IT’S REALLY BEEN OUR JOY TO WRITE FOR THELEVITT LETTER.IT’S FULL OF UP-TO-THE-MINUTE NEWS FROM ISRAEL AS WELL AS A SMALL HEBREW LESSON. IT’S JUST AN AMAZING LITTLE MAGAZINE. WELL, REGARDING THAT, OUR RESOURCE THIS WEEK ISZOLA’S INTRODUCTION TO HEBREW.IF YOU LIKE THE SHORT HEBREW LESSON THAT’S INTHE LEVITT LETTER,YOU’LL LOVE THIS BECAUSE IT’S A–REALLY, JOHN PARSONS AND ZOLA HAVE PUT TOGETHER AN AMAZING BOOK THAT WILL TEACH YOU THE LANGUAGE. AND THE LANGUAGE MAKES THE BIBLE COME ALIVE IN A WAY THAT NOTHING ELSE CAN. SO YOU’LL HEAR MORE ABOUT THIS LATER ON OUR PROGRAM. AND NOW LET’S GO BACK TO ISRAEL. ♪ 7Myles: ALONG THE MEDITERRANEANCOAST IN CAESAREA,TOM INTERVIEWS AVNER RABAN,THE DIRECTOROF CAESAREA EXCAVATIONS.♪ 7 Avner Raban: BEHIND US, TO THE WEST, THERE WAS A PORT THAT, ACCORDING TO JOSEPHUS, WAS LARGER THAN THE PIRAEUS WHICH THE PORT OF ATHENS WAS CONSIDERED TO BE THE BIGGEST PORT OF THE TIME. BUT UNLIKE THE PORT OF PIRAEUS, WHICH IS A NATURAL BAY, THIS WAS A FREE-STANDING, TOTALLY ARTIFICIAL HARBOR. IT WAS ATTEMPTED OR DARED INTO THE OPEN OCEAN AND IT WAS UNPRECEDENTED BY ITS DARING SCALE AND ENGINEERING AND THE COMPLEXITY AND SOPHISTICATION. Tom: THEY HAD TO BUILD A COMPLETELY ARTIFICIAL PORT HERE. Avner: YEAH, THEY WENT OUT HALF A MILE INTO THE OPEN SEA WITH FREE-STANDING MOLES WIDE WITH STORAGE FACILITIES ON THE MOLES, PROMENADES, BOATING FACILITIES FOR THE SAILORS, WHAT HAVE YOU. AND THE OTHER PART JUST BELOW US HERE IT’S THE INNER HARBOR BASIN WHICH AFTER THE MAIN ONE SUBSIDED, WAS EVENTUALLY A SAND FIELD AND FULLY LAND-LOCKED AND WHAT THE PEOPLE ARE NOW DOING, THEY’RE TAKING– WE ARE EXCAVATING AND TAKING OFF LATER STRUCTURE… ARAB, BYZANTINE STRUCTURES THAT WERE BUILT AND WHAT WAS ALREADY SILTED UP HARBOR BASIN. BUT YOU CAN SEE QUITE NICELY WHAT ARE EXPOSING SLOWING IS THE LINE OF THE EASTERN MOST QUAY OF THE INNER BASIN. Tom: OVER ON THAT HILL WE SEE SOME REMAINS OF SOME WHAT APPEARS TO BE HOUSES. CAN YOU EXPLAIN WHAT THAT IS? Avner: THE AREA TO THE NORTH, ALONG THE SHORE TO THE NORTH OF THE HARBOR AND EVENTUALLY WHAT BECAME THE NORTHWESTERN SECTOR OF CAESAREA, WAS THE JEWISH SUBURB WHERE THE JEWISH PEOPLE LIVED HERE, ACTUALLY LIVED HERE, BEFORE HEROD FOUNDED CAESAREA. THERE WAS A SMALL TOWN HERE THAT WAS CALLED “STRATON’S TOWER” WHERE THE JEWS LIVED, AND VERY PROBABLY WHERE PETER AND PAUL CAME TO CAESAREA; PAUL, ON HIS WAY TO ROME, AND THEN PETER, IN A WAY TO ADVOCATE CHRISTIANITY TO… THEY SETTLE ALONG THEIR PEOPLE, NAMELY THE JEWS, BECAUSE AT THAT EARLY STAGE OF SPREADING THE GOSPEL, CHRISTIANITY WAS PREACHED ONLY FOR THE JEWISH PEOPLE. AND HERE IT WAS ACTUALLY VERY… ON THIS VERY SITE, AND PROBABLY AT THAT VERY AREA, WAS THE FIRST EXCEPTION WHEN THE FIRST NON-JEW…THE FIRST GENTILE WAS BEING BAPTIZED, THE CENTURION CORNELIUS.Zola: ACTS 10 TELLS THE STORYOF CORNELIUS.VERSE 1 SAYS:♪ 7AFTER AN ENCOUNTER WITH ANANGEL IN VERSES 30-32, HE SENDSFOR PETER WHO WAS RESIDINGIN JOPPA SOUTH OF CAESAREA.PETER JOURNEYS TO CAESAREATO HEAR CORNELIUS TELLOF HIS MIRACULOUS ENCOUNTERWITH THE HEAVENLY BEING.IT WAS HERE IN CAESAREATHAT CORNELIUS BECAMETHE FIRST GENTILE BELIEVERIN JESUS OF THE CHURCH AGE.JUST SOUTH OF THE HARBORARCHAEOLOGISTS HAVE RECENTLYUNEARTHED THIS LARGE ARENAOR HIPPODROME.IT MEASURES 300 YARDS IN LENGTHBY 80 YARDS IN WIDTH AND WASONE OF THE LARGEST GATHERINGPLACES FOR PUBLIC EVENTS,SUCH AS CHARIOT RACESAND ATHLETIC COMPETITIONS.A “BEMA” OR “JUDGMENT SEAT” WASFOUND AT ONE END OF THE ARENA.IN ACTS 25,THE ROMAN GOVERNOR FELIX…Avner: THERE, A PUBLIC HEARING WOULD TAKE PLACE, WHEN THE JEWS COMPLAINED AGAINST THE GENTILES. PROBABLY, IF PETER WAS– A TRIAL, AND IT WAS A PUBLIC HEARING, IT WOULD BE IN FRONT OF THIS BEMA. Tom: WELL, WE KNOW THAT THE APOSTLE PAUL WAS TRIED BEFORE THE ROMAN GOVERNOR. IS IT POSSIBLE THAT IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN AT THE BEMA? Avner: YES, PAUL MIGHT’VE BEEN TRIED EITHER THERE OR IN THE COURTHOUSE. AND AS FOR THE COURTHOUSE, IF IT WASN’T IN THE GOVERNOR’S PALACE IT WOULD HAVE BEEN CLOSER BY NOT FAR FROM THE HIPPODROME. WE FOUND, WE EXPOSED A MUNICIPALITY CENTER IN THE– Tom: A MUNICIPAL BUILDING– Avner: IT’S A JURISDICTIONAL BUILDING, MORE THAN A MUNICIPAL ONE, WHERE AT LEAST THE CIVIL COURT SAT. I DON’T KNOW IF THE CRIMINAL COURT WAS THERE. AND THERE WE FOUND THE VARIOUS INSCRIPTIONS AND WRITTEN DOCUMENTS ATTESTING THAT THIS WAS THE LEGAL ARCHIVE OF THE CITY…WAS PROBABLY OF THE OLD PROVINCE. Tom: SO TARIFFS MIGHT HAVE BEEN PAID THERE, SHIPS COMING AND GOING. Avner: TARIFFS, DUES, YES. Tom: PEOPLE COMING AND LIVING IN THE CITY. Avner: FINES WOULD BE PAID THERE AND PROBABLY PEOPLE WERE TRIED FOR FINES THERE AND BECAUSE WE FOUND BELOW THIS COURTHOUSE, SOME UNDERGROUND ROADS, PROBABLY SOME PRISONER WORK BEING KEPT THERE BEFORE BEING TRIED OR AFTER BEING TRIED. IF PAUL HAD BEEN TRIED THERE, AND WE KNOW FROM THE SCRIPTURE THAT HE WAS KEPT IN PRISON; IT MIGHT BE THIS IS ONE OF THE CANDIDATES THAT CANNOT BE RULED OUT. Tom: YOU MENTIONED, AVNER, ABOUT THE ROMAN TEMPLE THAT WAS BUILT HERE IN CAESAREA NOT FAR FROM HERE. WOULD YOU TAKE ME OVER THERE AND SHOW US WHERE IT’S LOCATED? Avner: YES, IT’S OVER HERE. LET’S–COME, I’LL SHOW YOU. ♪ 7Zola: IT MAY COME AS A SURPRISETO LEARN THAT HEROD THE GREATWAS RESPONSIBLE FOR BUILDINGANOTHER TEMPLE BESIDES THEMAGNIFICENT ONE IN JERUSALEM.THE ONE IN CAESAREA,AS WE’LL SEE,WAS BUILT FOR CAESAR AUGUSTUS.♪ 7 Avner: WHAT WE SEE HERE IS THE NORTHWESTERN CORNER OF A VERY MASSIVE PEDIMENT ON WHICH THE TEMPLE HEROD BUILT FOR AUGUSTUS IN ROME WAS LOCATED, AND IT GOES 30-ODD METERS THAT DIRECTION TOWARD THE SOUTH AND ABOUT… THIS SIDE WAS OVER 54 METERS WHICH ARE 50 BY 100 CUBITS, ROYAL CUBITS WHICH ARE THE EXACT SAME MEASURES AS THE TEMPLE HEROD BUILT FOR THE LORD IN JERUSALEM. Tom: SO HEROD NOT ONLY BUILT THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM, WHICH WE’RE VERY FAMILIAR WITH, BUT HE ALSO BUILT A ROMAN TEMPLE HERE IN CAESAREA. Avner: YEAH, BECAUSE HEROD PLAYED KIND OF THE BIGGEST GAME, BEING A PIOUS JEWISH KING FOR HIS PEOPLE, AND A VERY OBEDIENT ROMAN CLIENT FOR HIS MASTERS, THE IMPERIAL MASTERS IN ROME. Tom: AND WHO WAS THIS TEMPLE DEDICATED TO? Avner: TO TWO DEITIES… THE GODDESS ROME OR ROMA AND THE DEIFIED AUGUSTUS WHICH, AT THAT TIME, WAS SUGGESTED TO BE EVENTUALLY A GOD, WOULD BE WORSHIPED AS GOD. Tom: NOW, ABOUT THE DIMENSIONS OF THIS TEMPLE; SOME HAVE SUGGESTED IT’S SIMILAR TO THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM. IS THAT CORRECT? Avner: YES, YES. I JUST MENTIONED THE DIMENSIONS ARE THE SAME. PROBABLY THE ARCHITECTURAL ORDER WAS DIFFERENT. IN JERUSALEM, IT WAS SEMITIC ARCHITECTURAL ORDER OR ORIENTAL ARCHITECTURAL ORDER. HERE, IT WAS HELLENISTIC OR ROMAN HELLENISTIC ORDER, CLASSICAL ORDER OF, I MEAN, ARCHITECTURAL SHAPE, WITH ARCHITRAVE, YOU KNOW, CORINTHIAN CAPITALS, AND WHAT HAVE YOU. Tom: DID IT LOOK SOMETHING LIKE THE PARTHENON IN ATHENS? Avner: A BIT SMALLER IN SIZE BUT NOT UNLIKE IT. THE GENERAL SHAPE. THE INTERESTING THING IS THAT WE, ACTUALLY, WHERE WE ARE SITTING NOW WE CAN CALL IT THE TEMPLE MOUNT, EXACTLY AS THE NAME OF THE MOUNT MORIAH IN JERUSALEM BECAUSE ON TOP OF THIS STRUCTURE, PROBABLY THE FIRST OR NOT THE FIRST RELIGIOUS SHRINE, CENTRAL SHRINE OF CAESAREA, THE CHRISTIANS BUILT AN OCTAGONAL–YOU CAN SEE THE DIAGONAL WALL HERE WHICH PART OF OCTAGON, OCTAGONAL BUILDING THAT HAS THE VERY SAME SHAPE AND SIZE OF THE OCTAGON OF THE DOME OF THE ROCK ON TOP OF THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM AT THE TEMPLE MOUNT. ON TOP OF THAT, THE MUSLIMS BUILT–YOU’LL SEE THIS PAVED COURTYARD HERE– THIS WAS THE GREAT MOSQUE OF THE MUSLIMS. AT THE VERY END OF IT THERE IS A… HARDLY CAN DEPICT THE APSE OF THE FIRST CHRISTIAN CHURCH WHEN THE CRUSADERS TOOK THE CITY. THEY PURIFIED AND RETURNED THE MOSQUE INTO A CHURCH AND EVENTUALLY THE LAST STRUCTURE IS THIS… YOU’LL SEE THE THREE APSES OF HUGE CATHEDRAL. THIS WAS THE 13th CENTURY CHRISTIAN CATHEDRAL OF THE CRUSADERS– NAMED AFTER ST. PAUL, BY THE WAY–AND THIS WAS THE LAST RELIGIOUS SHRINE ON THE VERY SAME SPOT. Tom: SO THERE WERE SUCCESSIVE SHRINES WITH EACH OCCUPATION HERE. THE ROMAN, THE BYZANTINE, THE MUSLIM AND THE CRUSADERS, ALL USING THIS SITE AS A PLACE OF THE SHRINE. Avner: USUALLY IT’S A TRADITION OF THE SACREDNESS OF THE SPECIAL, SINGLE SPOT RETAINED EVEN IF THERE IS A CHANGE OF POPULATION AND TURN OF RELIGION. ♪ 7 ♪ 7 Myles: IT’S SO ENCOURAGING TO OUR FAITH, TO YOUR FAITH, TO SEE THAT THE BIBLE IS BEING VERIFIED BY SCIENCE DEFINING THE HOUSE OF DAVID STONE IN TEL DAN JUST REFUTES ALL THEMISHEGOSS, THE CRAZINESS, THAT THERE WAS NEVER A KING DAVID. AND THEN THE PONTIUS PILOT STONE, THE PLAQUE THAT SAYS HE WAS THERE. HE WAS THE PROCURATOR OF ROME IN CAESAREA. IT’S PHENOMENAL; THERE WAS ACTUALLY A BEMA SEAT THERE. THERE WAS A PRISON WHERE PAUL WAS KEPT; ALL REAL PLACES SPOKEN OF IN THE BIBLE, VERIFIED BY ARCHEOLOGY. Katharine: YEAH, BROUGHT TO YOU LIVE IN YOUR OWN LIVING ROOM BECAUSE OF YOUR GIFT OF FUNDS WE GET TO BRING YOU THESE MESSAGES. WE GET TO SHOW YOU THE PLACES THAT JESUS WALKED, HIS DISCIPLES WALKED AND SO WE THANK YOU FOR YOUR SUPPORT. WE THANK YOU FOR GIVING US THE OPPORTUNITY OF TELLING THE WORLD THAT THE GOSPEL IS ALIVE. THE WORD OF GOD IS REAL AND IT’S A SOURCE THAT WE CAN RELY UPON. Myles: THAT’S RIGHT, YOU KNOW, EVEN THE VERY WORD ITSELF, THE LANGUAGE HAS BEEN RESTORED IN THE LAST HUNDRED YEARS. THE HEBREW LANGUAGE, THE MODERN VERSION HAS BEEN RESTORED AND WE HAVE A RESOURCE FOR YOU TODAY THAT REALLY WILL HELP YOU TO READ THE BIBLE, KNOWING SOMETHING OF THE HEBREW LANGUAGE. THIS ISZOLA’S INTRODUCTION TO HEBREWAND JOHN PARSONS, OUR HEBREW TEACHER, AND ZOLA DID A GREAT WORK PUTTING THIS TOGETHER SO THAT WE COULD REALLY UNDERSTAND THE BIBLE AS WE READ IT AND YOU CAN LEARN THE WAY THE LANGUAGE WORKS. IT’S SO POETIC; IT’S SO FULL OF MEANING. I’VE BEEN STUDYING IT MY WHOLE LIFE AND I’M STILL LEARNING THE LANGUAGE; IT NEVER GETS OLD, IT NEVER ENDS. THERE JUST ALWAYS MORE TO LEARN. Katharine: IT’S A VERY DEEP WELL. Myles: IT IS A DEEP WELL, THAT’S TRUE. WELL, UNTIL WE SEE YOU AGAIN, WE WANT TO AGAIN ENCOURAGE YOU, PLEASE…SHA’ALU SHALOM YERUSHALAYIMKatharine: PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM.Male Singer:
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