Hello YouTube, this is Monsieur Bonsai Today we speak about soils First soil for bonsai Akadama It’s a Japanese clay soil , red-orange color, with a hard enough grain that is generally between 2 mm and 1 cm. The basic soil, is found in all garden centers. An easy base that meets many uses It is used for flowers and plants The Keto is a humus-based soil, compact, very sticky, very dark, which will be used to consolidate and for basic mix Fuji sand is volcanic gravel, coming from the area of Mount Fuji. It is found in various sizes. We can also sift it to obtain the right grain. River sand is quite common, it serves draining, we try to use it with a relatively large grain The fertilizer is obviously often necessary in basic mixtures for bonsai that need something to eat The Mizugoke is a dried moss we will be able to revive it by moistening it It is used in different mixtures or to build landscapes For a person who starts bonsai, my advice: Use 100% of Akadama, with that, no risk. Let’s see now the first soil mix for bonsai. We start with the Akadama, 3 units. One unit of Keto And one unit of Fuji sand Add a bit of fertilizer and mix it Start by mixing the Fuji sand with keto to coat the grains with keto then the whole is mixed to obtain an aerated soil, drained but retains moisture This will be the ideal soil mixture for a leafy tree. Now let us see the basic mix for Kokedama. One unit of Akadama One unit of Fuji sand And 3 units of Keto Mix it Add a bit of fertilizer and water And continue to get a very sticky consistency that allows you to make a ball. You can prepare your soil mix in advance, personally I only do that once a month to have reserve. These mix are to be adapted to suit the trees you want to grow depending on your location The humidity, weather, exposure, are factors not to be overlooked and must be adjusted accordingly. Again, not a general rule, just try. Monsieur Bonsaï here, thanks for watching, please subscribe and thumb up if you liked A très bientôt !