[click] [dog sounds] [click] ♫ bluegrass music ♫>>Narration: Winter creates a lot of down time, Trees have been taken care of
for the winter as they lie dormant and protected from the elements. Soon, they’re going to be coming out, and
there are many things that must be done. The snow that comes down will have
insulated them and provided some moisture to prevent them from drying out. spring and summer branch training. This particular wire happens
to be from renovations my wife and I did to our house. I saw no sense in
ordering online or buying from the store if I have this wire already laying around.
It just takes a little bit of extra work and a small fraction of time
for more important aspects of your day. Once wire has been completely stripped,
it is wrapped around a cylindrical object, in this case PVC pipe. It allows
for a useful and compact form. Next, it must be annealed. I have a wood stove in my basement
which is the perfect place to anneal copper wire without any special
equipment. I wait until the wire is cherry red before pulling it out. Once annealed, the hot wired can be
withdrawn from the wood stove and quenched in water. But, it isn’t
necessary with copper. A cool basement floor will suffice. This small gauge hobby wire from a
hardware store is now annealed. You can see the cherry red color.
This will be used for smaller branches. Annealed copper wire is very soft and pliable.
It wraps easily around branches and trunks but, as it cold forms, it becomes
more stiff and doesn’t spring back easily. Copper wire will hold its shape with less wire than aluminum, and annealed copper wire also has a dull finish. Fresh copper wire, such as
this, has a shiny coating that can detract attention from your tree ♫ bluegrass music ♫ One of the most important things you can
do is soil preparation. Here I’m using a basket of 3/16″ wire mesh,
or about 5 millimeters. I also have a five gallon bucket which will collect the
media. For demonstration purposes I’m only using one scoop, filling the basket
with it, and shaking into the bucket. The smaller particles which I will be using
drop into the bucket. The larger particles I will discard into my garden.
To remove smaller particles I use a 1/16″ inch wire mesh, or about 2mm.
Small particles such as dust can block drainage holes, which
leads to root run and other problems. It’s very important to remove these
small particles from your soil mixtures. As you can see there is plenty of dust that
could block a hole and prevent good drainage here I have some buckets of sifted material.
On the right is Turface, which is a fired clay. On the left is a
diatomaceous earth which is similar to Oil-Dri, or kitty litter. Mixed together they
make sixty to seventy-five percent of my bonsai soil mixture. Pine bark, sifted in the
same way finishes out the rest of it. [car sounds] My favorite preparation in late winter and early spring has always been scouting material. I will always look at more trees than I
will dig up trees. Seeing the potential in every living thing out
there is just amazing. Whether you’re walking your dog, or
you’re climbing a mountain, taking a hike, or a leisurely drive down the road It’s amazing what you’ll find if you just stop to look. So, go outside and see what
you can find for yourself And I hope you have a happy Spring! ♫ bluegrass music ♫