Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) He was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar. Between 1893-1914 he worked as a lawyer in South Africa. Here, he became a defender of the rights of Indian migrant workers who were subjected to racial discrimination policies of the apartheid regime. Gandhi first carried out peaceful uprisings for the citizenship rights of the Indian community in South Africa. After returning from Africa to India, he organized poor farmers and laborers to protest against repressive taxation policy and widespread discrimination. Gandhi nationwide poverty reduction, women’s freedom, brotherhood between different religious and ethnic groups, caste and immunity discrimination end, the country’s economic competence and most importantly, Swaraj, India’s liberation from foreign sovereignty. India is officially declared the Father of the Nation, and his birthday, October 2, is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday. On January 30, 1948, he was shot and killed while taking a night walk in the garden of Birla Bhavan (Birla House) in New Delhi.