This is Iqbal Khan and this is day two that I’ve been working on this blue star juniper, it’s summer pruning and also removing old needles which have browned off from the previous year and once the brown needles are removed it exposes the new branches, that’s how the branches form. I will carry on with this and I wil try and zoom in to show you exactly what’s going on. basically this entire section was covered in dead needles and I’ve removed them with these tweezers and you can now see how this forms a branch also growth which is growing downwards has to be removed and so I’m going to remove that bit there, that one will also be removed as it’s going south and that one as well so now we have a very clean line here so that’s basically the idea behind pruning these blue star junipers. There’s a little knob here which I’m going to remove and basically again make it into a straight line, there we are that’s the knob removed from there, same thing with this branch here, these are the dead needles from previous year which I’m removing by pulling them in the direction of growth so so as not to take off any of the surface area of the bark and same thing on the other side remove these dead needles you can now see the cleaned up part, here is how the branches form. Now I’m going to tackle this section here and I’m going to remove this branch which is going south and we do that with pair of scissors just like that. That’s come off and the rest of it I’m going to clean up with tweezers removing these dead needles to expose the new branch and again the end is dead so we simply pull it and it’s removed, there and same applies to, there’s a dead stump here so remove that dead stump with that come a… let’s now clean up this part here remove the dead needles and the dead bit at the top so is simply…. the dead bit at the top is simply pinch and removed and same thing with the next one, just fell off so that, that is done I am slowly working my way up the tree and on this branch we’re going to remove this growth which is growing downwards and also here there are too many dead branches so I’m going to remove these little knobs and clean it up That’s a bit better and again there is more growth going downward so this will come off and then there is another, this branch here there is a lot of growth growing downwards so we’re going to remove all this growth which is growing downwards and until we are left with a clean line at the bottom there we are that’s cleaned it up you can see is a clean line at the bottom now and we’ll quickly remove the dead needles on this branch. Now working on this part they are all these dead needles so I’m going to remove all these and expose the what now becomes a branch there we are that part there and I’ll work on the next part and these are all the brown needles that you can see some at the bottom some facing away from the camera. I will do all those right now so now we move on to another of these branches and continue removing these brown dead needles from previous year’s growth right there we are, that’s all done. There is this downward pointing growth which I’ll remove this end is dead so I am going to remove that more downward-pointing growth which I am going to cut off from here. It is starting to drizzle slightly so I will have to stop now and finish the crown off another time but if any of you have one of these blue star junipers then you need to remove the dead needles in August / September and also prune any growth growing downwards upwards crossing or inwards I’ll give the tree a quick turn and you can see it’s much greener than when I first started there Brown dead needles everywhere and that’s what forms the new branches and that’s where we started. Thanks for watching to watch more please subscribe and hit that Bell and you’ll receive notifications of all my uploads. This is Iqbal Khan for mikbonsai in West London until the next time, and now for the afterthought the teacher said to the class give me a sentence with the word dandelion in it. A Jamaican student stood up and said de cheetah runs faster than de Lion. You dig !